Skip to main content
Jay DeFeo: Photographic Work, DelMonico, New York, 2023

Jay DeFeo: Photographic Work
Leah Levy

Rip Tales Cover, 2021

Rip Tales: Jay DeFeo’s
Estocada & Other Pieces

Jordan Stein

Paula Cooper Gallery Catalogue, 2021

(‘we are not what we seem’)

Rachel Federman

Jay DeFeo: The Ripple Effect
Seungduk Kim and
Franck Gautherot

Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective book cover

Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective
Dana Miller

Jay DeFeo and The Rose book cover

Jay DeFeo and The Rose
Jane Green & Leah Levy


Paula Cooper Gallery and 192 Books: Corey Keller and Elisabeth Sherman in discussion on Jay DeFeo: Photographic Work. September 19, 2023.
Marc Selwyn Fine Art: In Conversation: Helen Molesworth and David Pagel on Jay DeFeo: Into Other Worlds. February 5, 2023.
Whitney Museum of American Art: Around “The Rose”: Artists Reflect on Jay DeFeo, Featuring Tishan Hsu, Justine Kurland, Park McArthur, and Erin Jane Nelson. March 16, 2022.
The Brooklyn Rail: BRUCE CONNER & JAY DEFEO: (“we are not what we seem”), Featuring Stuart Comer, Rachel Federman, Laura Hoptman, and Constance Lewallen. October 1, 2021.
Mills College Art Museum: Jay DeFeo: A Legacy at Mills College, Featuring Stephanie Hanor, James Gouldthorpe, Yétúndé Olagbaju, Betsy Schneider, and Nomi Talisman. July 14, 2021.
The Courtauld: Jay DeFeo: A Symposium, Featuring Jo Applin, Lucy Bradnock, Judith Delfiner, Pia Gottschaller, Suzanne Hudson, Corey Keller, Joy Mazurek, and Catherine Spencer. May 28, 2021.
CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts: Catching Ideas in Process: Jay DeFeo’s Photography, Featuring Corey Keller, Emily Markert, Paul Mpagi Sepuya and Rayyane Tabet. November 18, 2020.
The Jay DeFeo Foundation: Transcending Definition: Jay DeFeo in the 1970s, Exhibition at Gagosian, San Francisco. September 10–December 11, 2020.
The Menil Collection: In Dialogue: Through Jay DeFeo’s Lens, Featuring Natalie Dupêcher and Leah Levy. August 19, 2020.
The Jay DeFeo Foundation and George Brooks: Big Lips Song. December 1, 2020.
Le Consortium, Dijon: Portrait of an artist : Jay DeFeo « The Ripple Effect. Exhibition at Le Consortium, Dijon. June 29-October 28, 2018.
BLOUIN ARTINFO: Jay DeFeo, Before and After “The Rose”. Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective. Exhibition at Whitney Museum of Art. February 28-June 2, 2013.
Whitney Museum of American Art: Jay DeFeo’s “The Rose”, Featuring Leah Levy, David A. Ross, Lisa Phillips, and Dana Miller. July 30, 2013.

Books & Journals

Albright, Thomas. Art in the San Francisco Bay Area: 1945–1980. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985, 53, 72, 92-95, 109, 137, 176, 271.

________. On Art and Artists: Essays by Thomas Albright. Edited by Beverly Hennessey. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1989, 43, 68–71.

Aukeman, Anastasia. Welcome to Painterland: Bruce Conner and the Rat Bastard Protective Association. Oakland: University of California Press, 2016.

Auping, Michael. In the Shadow of Mt. Tam. Anthony Meier, Mill Valley, CA, 2023, 13.

Baron, Stephanie, Sheri Bernstein, and Ilene Susan Fort, eds. Reading California: Art, Image, and Identity, 1900–2000. Los Angeles and Berkeley: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and University of California Press, 2000, 44, 93, 95, 222, 230–36, 239, 243.

Bajac, Quentin, et al. Photography at MoMA: 1920–1960. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2016, 299, 347.

Berkson, Bill. The Sweet Singer of Modernism and Other Art Writings 1985–2003. Providence, RI: Qua Books, 2004, 170–83.

Beshty, Walead. 33 Texts: 93,614 Words: 581,035 Characters: Selected Writings (2003–2015). Zurich: JPR|Ringier Kunstverlag AG, 2015, 257–269.

Bishop, Janet, Corey Keller, and Sarah Roberts, eds. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art: 75 Years of Looking Forward. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 2009, 145–46.

Burgin, Christine and Marc Selwyn. Jay DeFeo: Works and Notes. New York: Christine Burgin and Los Angeles: Marc Selwyn Fine Art, 2016.

Cándida Smith, Richard. The Modern Moves West: California Artists and Democratic Culture in the Twentieth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009, 9-11, 64–65, 68–71, 73–97, 99–102, 107–9, 111–13, 118–22, 126–29, 194, 198, 207, 210.

________. Utopia and Dissent: Art, Poetry, and Politics in California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995, 86, 118, 162, 169–71, 189–201, 214, 492.

Criqui, Jean-Pierre, ed. Le Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne, 99. Paris: Éditions du Centre Pompidou, 2007, 19–20.

________, ed. Le Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne, 107. Paris: Éditions du Centre Pompidou, 2009, 38–51, 66, 70.

Crow, Thomas. The Rise of the Sixties: American and European Art in the Era of Dissent. London: George Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1996, 28–29, 65. Reprint 2005, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Davis, Lennard J. “Play It Again Sam, and Again: Obsession in Art” in Journal of Visual Culture, 5 (2). London: Sage Publications, 2006, 242–66.

Davis, Lennard J. Obsession. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008, 195–99.

Delfiner, Judith. Double-Barrelled Gun: Dada aux États-Unis (1945-1957). Paris: Le presses du réel, 2011, 24, 351-52, 399, 421, 424-27, 430-39, 459, 469, 471, 487, 491, 501, 506-508, 532-33, 569.

Delfiner, Judith, Jay DeFeo – Études xérographiques. Collection Diptyque, Editions La Part de l’Oeil, Brussels, 2023.

di Rosa, Rene, et al. Local Color: The di Rosa Collection of Contemporary California Art. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999, 88–89.

Doss, Erika. Twentieth-Century American Art. Oxford History of Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 150–51.

Elderfield, John, ed. The Museum of Modern Art at Mid-Century: At Home and Abroad, Studies in Modern Art, no. 4. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1994, 78–83.

Felver, Christopher. Beat. San Francisco: Last Gasp, 2007, 133.

Ferrell, Elizabeth. “Artist’s Model/Model Artist: Wallace Berman’s Photographs of Jay DeFeo!” in Art History, 40 (5). London: Association of Art Historians, Nov. 2017, 1072-1097; <>.

Ferrell, Elizabeth. About “The Rose”: Creation and Community in Jay DeFeo’s Circle. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2022.

Foley, Jack. “O Her Blackness Sparkles!” The Life and Times of the Batman Art Gallery, San Francisco 1960–1965. San Francisco: 3300 Press, 1996, v, xiv, 15, 34.

Forsgren, Frida. San Francisco Beat Art in Norway. Trans. Melissa Gjellstad. Oslo: Press Publishing, 2008, 12. 14, 34, 64, 80. 101, 103–4, 108–9, 120–31, 139, 156.

Gass, Alison and Tanya Zimbardo, eds. Fifty Years of Bay Area Art: The SECA Awards. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 2011, 8-9, 158.

Glinn, Burt. The Beat Scene. London: Reel Art Press, 2018, 134–135, 137.

Gottschaller, Pia and Joy Mazurka. “Jay DeFeo’s Dialectics of Painting.” Getty Research Journal Volume 18, 2023, 107–132.

Green, Jane, and Leah Levy, eds. Jay DeFeo and “The Rose”. Berkeley and New York: University of California Press and Whitney Museum of American Art, 2003.

Healy, Charlotte. “A Marginalized Modernism: Jay DeFeo, Lee Bontecou, and the Breakdown of Medium Specificity” in Anamesa 13, no. 2. New York: New York University, Fall 2015, 54-71; <>.

Hennum, Gerd. På Sporet av Beat-Bohemene (On the Tracks of the Beat-Bohemian). Oslo: H Aschehoug, 1998, 51, 182–83, 195–96.

Hopkins, Henry. 50 West Coast Artists: A Critical Selection of Painters and Sculptors Working in California. With photographs by Mimi Jacobs. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1981, 36–37.

Hopps, Walter, with Deborah Treisman and Anne Doran. The Dream Colony. New York: Bloomsbury, 2017, 50, 65, 68, 73, 79,173–74, 209.

Hoving, Thomas. Greatest Works of Art of Western Civilization. New York: Artisan, 1997, 20–21.

Hudson, Suzanne. “Jay DeFeo: Encore” in Archives of American Art Journal 62, no. 2, Fall 2023.

Kennedy, John F., et al. Creative America. New York: Ridge Press, National Cultural Center, 1962, 116.

Kessler, David A. Capture. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2016, 72–74.

Kimmelman, Michael. The Accidental Masterpiece: On the Art of Life and Vice Versa. New York: Penguin Press, 2005, 112–16, 118, 129–30.

King, Andrew David. “Sisyphus’s Bones: The Remains of Jay DeFeo” in Zyzzyva No. 104. Edited by Laura Cogan. San Francisco: Zyzzyva, Inc., 2015, 90-104.

Knight, Brenda. Women of the Beat Generation: The Writers, Artists and Muses at the Heart of a Revolution. Berkeley: Conari Press, 1996, 126, 216, 217, 320–25, 328.

Landauer, Susan, ed. Selections: The San Jose Museum of Art Permanent Collection. San Jose, CA: San Jose Museum of Art, 2004, 68-71, 252.

Levy, Leah, ed. Jay DeFeo: Photographic Work. Delmonico Books, New York, NY, 2023.

Ligon, Glenn. Yourself in the World. Edited by Scott Rothkopf. New York and New Haven: Whitney Museum of American Art and Yale University Press, 2011, 148, 149, 150, 153.

McClure, Michael. Lighting the Corners: On Art, Nature and the Visionary—Essays and Interviews. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1993, 186, 188–90.

McKenna, Kristine. The Ferus Gallery: A Place to Begin. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2009, 36-39, 103, 114, 117, 126, 156, 166, 192, 288.

Miller, Dana, ed. Whitney Museum of American Art: Handbook of the Collection. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2015, 113-14.

Morgan, Robert C. After the Deluge: Essays on Art in the Nineties. Red Bass No. 16. New York: Red Bass Publications, 1994, 26–27.

Morrill, Rebecca, ed. Great Women Artists. New York: Phaidon, 2019, 116.

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. This Is Not To Be Looked At: Highlights from the Permanent Collection of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Los Angeles: The Museum of Contemporary Art, 2008, 26, 360.

Natsoulas, John, ed. The Beat Generation Galleries and Beyond. Davis, CA: John Natsoulas Press, 1996, 2, 104, 197, 203, 208, 218.

Paul, Stella. Chromaphilia. London: Phaidon, 2017, 213–215.

Pekar, Harvey, Paul Buhle, Ed Piskor, et al. The Beats: A Graphic History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2009, 171–74.

Plagens, Peter. Sunshine Muse: Contemporary Art on the West Coast. New York: Praeger, 1974, 25, 44, 45, 81. Revised 1999 as Sunshine Muse: Art on the West Coast, 1945–1970. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Rattemeyer, Christian, ed. The Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection: Catalogue Raisonné. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2009, 115.

Roth, Moira, ed. Connecting Conversations: Interviews with 28 Bay Area Women Artists. Oakland, CA: Eucalyptus Press, 1988, 43-49.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art: The Painting and Sculpture Collection. San Francisco and New York: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and Hudson Hills Press, 1985, 200–201, 230, 256, 291.

Savig, Mary. Artful Cats. New York and Washington, DC: Princeton Architectural Press and Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2019, 10, 14, 41, 53, 114, 116, 118.

Schneider, Bart, ed. Jay DeFeo: Works on Paper. Berkeley: Kelly’s Cove Press, 2015.

Schon, Marbeth. Modernist Jewelry 1930–1960. Altglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 2004, 136-7.

Shere, Charles. A Critic’s Farewell. Healdsburg, CA: Ear Press, 2019, 21, 60, 71, 269.

Solnit, Rebecca. Secret Exhibition: Six California Artists of the Cold War Era. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1993, 18, 29, 46, 49–51, 55–56, 61, 68–69, 71, 75–80, 83, 105, 115–18.

Spencer, Catherine. “Coral and Lichen, Brains and Bowels: Jay DeFeo’s Hybrid Abstraction” in Tate Papers no. 23. London: Tate, Spring 2015; <>.

Stein, Jordan. Rip Tales: Jay DeFeo’s “Estocada” & Other Pieces. Chicago: Soberscove Press, 2021.

Stewart-Halevy, Jacob. Slant Steps: On the Art World’s Semi-Periphery. Oakland: University of California Press, 2020, 31-32, 80, 170-171.

Strick, Jeremy, ed. Modern and Contemporary Art: The Lannan Collection at The Art Institute of Chicago. Museum Studies, vol. 25, no.1. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1997, 6, 18–19, 89, 99.

Taylor, Brandon. Collage: The Making of Modern Art. London: Thames and Hudson, 2004, 125–26, 128.

Watson, Steven. The Birth of the Beat Generation: Visionaries, Rebels, and Hipsters, 1944–1960. New York: Pantheon Books, 1995, 189, 190, 229.

Westbrook, Adele, ed. A Creative Legacy: A History of the National Endowment for the Arts Visual Artists’ Fellowship Program 1966–1995. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001, 171.

Whitcomb, Laura, ed. Dilexi: A Gallery & Beyond. Los Angeles, CA: Label Curatorial, 2021, 43-49.

Whitfield, Stephen J., ed. A Companion to 20th-Century America. Blackwell Companions to American History. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004, 506.

Whitney Museum of American Art. American Visionaries: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American Art. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art and Harry N. Abrams, 2002, 87.

Wiley, Peter Booth. National Trust Guide: San Francisco. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000, 316.

Yarger, Timothy, Kristine McKenna, and Colin Westerbeck. Los Angeles: 40 Artists, Photographs by Jim McHugh. Beverly Hills: Timothy Yarger Fine Arts, 2011, 54-55.

Yau, John. The Wild Children of William Blake. Brooklyn: Autonomedia, 2017, 57–65.

Exhibition Catalogues

50X50: Stories of Visionary Artists from the Collection. San José, CA: San José Museum of Art, 2020.

Appel, Kevin, ed. First Glimpse. Irvine, CA: UCI Institute and Museum for California Art, University of California, Irvine, 2018.

Art Association of the San Francisco Art Institute. Art Bank 64/66. San Francisco: Art Association of the San Francisco Art Institute, 1964. [For a lending collection from the Artist Association of the San Francisco Art Institute.]

Ayres, Anne, ed. Forty Years of California Assemblage: UCLA Art Council Annual Exhibition. Los Angeles: Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery, University of California, Los Angeles, 1989.

Baird, Joseph Armstrong, Jr., ed. Directions in Bay Area Painting: A Survey of Three Decades, 1940s–1960s. Davis: Richard L. Nelson Gallery, University of California, Davis, 1983.

Barnes, Lucinda. Measure of Time. Berkeley: Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, 2006.

Baker, Simon and Emmanuelle de l’Ecotais with Shoair Mavlian., eds. Shape of Light: 100 Years of Photography and Abstract Art. London, UK: Tate Publishing, 2018.

Baron, Stephanie, Sheri Bernstein, and Ilene Susan Fort. Made in California: Art, Image, and Identity, 1900–2000. Los Angeles and Berkeley: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and University of California Press, 2000.

Berry, Ian, and Jack Shear, eds. Twice Drawn: Modern and Contemporary Drawings in Context. New York and Sarasota Springs, NY: Prestel and Frances Young Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery at Skidmore College, 2011.

Beshty, Walead. Jay DeFeo. New York: Mitchell-Innes & Nash, 2014.

Bouvard, Émilie and Géraldine Mercier, eds. Guernica. Paris: Éditions Gallimard and Musèe national Picasso-Paris, 2018.

Butler, Cornelia, and Lisa Gabrielle Mark, eds. WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution. Los Angeles and Cambridge, MA: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and MIT Press, 2007.

Cameron, Dan. California Landscape Into Abstraction. Newport Beach, CA: Orange County Museum of Art, 2013.

________. The Avant-Garde Collection. Newport Beach, CA: Orange County Museum of Art, 2014.

Castellón, Rolando, ed. Jay DeFeo: Dibujos y Foto-collages. San José, Costa Rica: Museo de Arte y Diseño Contemporáneo, 1996.

Chassman, Neil A., ed. Poets of the Cities: New York and San Francisco 1950–1965. New York and Dallas: E. P. Dutton and Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, 1974.

Clark, Robin, Karl Haendel and Leah Levy. Karl Haendel & Jay DeFeo: Pink Cup and The Facts. New York: Mitchell-Innes & Nash Gallery, 2017.

Colburn, Bolton T., ed. Collecting on the Edge. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 2018.

Connett Brophy, Christina, Elizabeth Broun, William C. Agee. A Wild Note of Longing: Albert Pinkham Ryder and a Century of American Art. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 2020.

Delahunty, Gavin. Psychic Wounds: On Art & Trauma. Dallas and New York: The Warehouse and MW Editions, 2021.

Dickens, Lauren Schell. Undersoul: Jay DeFeo. San José: San José Museum of Art, 2019.

Dillenberger, Jane, and John Dillenberger, eds. Perceptions of the Spirit in Twentieth-Century American Art. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1977.

Dreishpoon, Douglas, Louis Grachos, David Pagel, and Heather Pesanti. Decade: Contemporary Collecting 2002–2012. Buffalo: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 2012.

Dressen, Anne, Michèle Heuzé and Benjamin Lignel, eds. Medusa: Jewellery & Taboos. Paris: Paris Musées, 2017.

Duncan, Michael, and Kristine McKenna. Semina Culture: Wallace Berman and His Circle. New York and Santa Monica, CA: D.A.P. and Santa Monica Museum of Art, 2005.

Edwards, Jim. Doctor Jazz & Works on Paper 1952-1989. Logan, UT: Utah State University, 2001.

________. Jay DeFeo/Madeline O’Connor: Paintings and Drawings. Victoria, TX: Nave Museum, 1986.

Eisenman, Stephen F. William Blake and the Age of Aquarius. Evanston, IL & Princeton, NJ: Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University and Princeton University Press, 2017.

Engelbach, Barbara, Friederike Wappler, and Hans Winkler, eds. Looking for Mushrooms: Beat Poets, Hippies, Funk, Minimal Art—San Francisco 1955–68. Cologne, Germany: Museum Ludwig and Walther König, 2008.

Falino, Jeannine, ed. Crafting Modernism: Midcentury American Art and Design. New York: Abrams and Museum of Arts and Design, 2011.

Federman, Rachel. BRUCE CONNER & JAY DEFEO (“we are not what we seem”). New York: Paula Cooper Gallery and PJC, 2021.

Foster, Carter E., and Jeffrey D. Grove. Drawing Modern: Works from the Agnes Gund Collection. Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Museum of Art, 2003.

Fraenkel, Jeffrey. The Unphotographable. San Francisco: Fraenkel Gallery, 2013.

Frank, Peter. Image to Gesture 1945-1969: California Postwar Abstraction. New York: David Findlay Jr Gallery, 2013.

Gagosian Gallery, ed. Ferus. New York: Gagosian Gallery, 2002. Second edition, 2009, copublished with Rizzoli, 2002.

Galvez, Paul. Object Lessons: Jay DeFeo Works on Paper from the 1970s. Dallas: galerie frank elbaz, 2018.

Garrels, Gary, ed. Celebrating Modern Art: The Anderson Collection. San Francisco and Berkeley: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and University of California Press, 2000.

Gartenfeld, Alex. The Everywhere Studio. Miami & New York: Institute of Contemporary Art, Miami and DelMonico Books-Prestel, 2017.

Green, Mark. “A Kind of Beatness”: Photographs of a North Beach Era, 1950–1965. San Francisco: Focus Gallery, 1975.

Greene, Merril. Art as a Muscular Principle: 10 Artists and San Francisco, 1950–1965—Roots and New Directions. South Hadley, MA: John and Norah Warbeke Gallery, Mount Holyoke College, 1975.

________. San Francisco Renaissance: Photographs of the ’50s and ’60s. New York: Gotham Book Mart, 1975.

Hackett, Michael, and Tracy Freedman, eds. Homage to the San Francisco Art Institute: Artists Who Transformed American Culture. San Francisco: Hackett-Freedman Gallery, 1999.

Hainley, Bruce. Jay DeFeo: “Applaud the Black Fact.” Boston: Nielsen Gallery, 2007.

Hanor, Stephanie. Jennifer Brandon & Jay DeFeo: Photographic Works. Oakland: Mills College Museum of Art, 2018.

Hernandez, Jo Farb. The Artist and the Myth. Monterey, CA: Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art, 1987.

Hoffmann, Jens. Jay DeFeo: Where the Swan Flies. Houston, TX: Moody Gallery, 2008.

Hoffmann, Jens. Pioneers. San Francisco: California College of the Arts, 2007.

Hoffmann, Jens and Stacen Berg, eds. Paul McCarthy’s Low Life Slow Life: Tide Box, Tide Book. San Francisco and Ostfildern, Germany: California College of the Arts and Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2010.

Holland, Katherine Church, ed. A Bay Area Connection: Works from the Anderson Collection. Santa Clara, CA: Triton Museum of Art, 1995.

Hopkins, Henry T. Jay DeFeo/MATRIX 11. Berkeley: University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, 1978.

Hopkins, Henry T. Painting and Sculpture in California: The Modern Era. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1977.

Hosfelt, Todd, and Stephanie Hanor. DEFEO. San Francisco: Hosfelt Gallery, 2011.

Hosfelt, Todd and Victoria Roberts. Jay DeFeo / Alter Ego. San Francisco: Hosfelt Gallery, 2015.

Huberman, Anthony. Mechanisms. San Francisco & Amsterdam: CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts and ROMA Publications, 2017.

________, ed. Other Mechanisms. Vienna: Secession, 2018.

Irwin, Michele Ellis and James Irwin. Private Collections/Personal Exchange: Bay Area Artists, 1950–1966. San Francisco: Transamerica Corporation, 1989.

Jacobson, Karen, ed. Radical Past: Contemporary Art & Music in Pasadena, 1960–1974. Pasadena: Armory Center for the Arts and Art Center College of Design.

Johnson, Robert Emory, ed. Rolling Renaissance: San Francisco Underground Art in Celebration, 1945–1968. Second edition. San Francisco: Intersection, Center for Religion and the Arts, 1976. [Exhibit in 1968.]

Jost, Stephan F. F. “out of my own head”: Photographs by Jay DeFeo. Oakland, CA: Mills College Art Museum, 2004.

Keller, Tobin, ed. Jay DeFeo, An Intimate View—Small Paintings, 1986 through 1989. Santa Cruz, CA: Art Museum of Santa Cruz County, 1990.

Keinholz, Ed. J. DeFeo. Hope, ID: Faith and Charity in Hope Gallery, 1979.

Kim, Seungduk and Franck Gautherot, eds. Jay DeFeo: The Ripple Effect featuring Sam Falls, Rachel Harrison, Wyatt Kahn, Ron Nagle, Gay Outlaw, Tobias Pils, R. H. Quaytman, Ugo Rondinone, Bosco Sodi, Oscar Tuazon. Dijon: Le presses du réel, 2018.

Lagoria, Georgianna M., ed. Northern California Art of the Sixties. Santa Clara, CA: De Saisset Museum, University of Santa Clara, 1982.

Landauer, Susan. Paper Trails: San Francisco Abstract Expressionist Prints, Drawings, and Watercolors. Santa Cruz, CA: Art Museum of Santa Cruz County, 1993.

________. The San Francisco School of Abstract Expressionism. Laguna Beach, CA, and Berkeley: Laguna Art Museum and University of California Press, 1996.

LeFalle-Collins, Lizzetta. Choose Paint! Choose Abstraction! San Francisco: Museum of the African Diaspora, 2012.

Lewallen, Constance. Jay DeFeo: Selected Works 1952–1989. Philadelphia: Goldie Paley Gallery, Moore College of Art and Design, 1996.

Linetzky, Jason. Left of Center: Five Years of the Anderson Collection at Standford University. Stanford: Anderson Collection at Standford University, 2019.

Linhares, Philip E. Here and Now: Bay Area Masterworks from the di Rosa Collection. Oakland, CA: Oakland Museum, 1994.

Loisy, Jean de, ed. Traces du Sacré (Traces of the Sacred). Paris: Éditions du Centre Pompidou, 2008.

Maréchal-Workman, Andrée. Three Pick Four. San Francisco: University of California Extension Center Art Gallery, 1984.

Marter, Joan, ed. Women of Abstract Expressionism. Denver and New Haven: Denver Art Museum and Yale University Press, 2016.

Martin, Fred. The Rose: J. DeFeo. Pasadena and San Francisco: Pasadena Art Museum and San Francisco Museum of Art, 1968.

Miller, Dana. Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective. New York and New Haven: Whitney Museum of American Art and Yale University Press, 2012.

________. Outrageous Fortune: Jay DeFeo and Surrealism. New York: Mitchell-Innes & Nash, 2018.

Miller, Dana A., and Marla Prather. An American Legacy: A Gift to New York: Recent Acquisitions from the Board of Trustees. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art and Prestel, 2002.

Miller, Dana, and Anne Wilkes Tucker. Jay DeFeo—No End: Works on Paper from the 1980s; Botanicals: Photographs from the 1970s. Santa Fe, NM: Dwight Hackett projects, 2006.

Miller, Dorothy C., ed. Sixteen Americans. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1959.

Monte, James. Late Fifties at the Ferus. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1968.

Morineau, Camille. elles@centrepompidou: Women Artists in the Collection of the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre de Création Industrielle. Paris: Éditions du Centre Pompidou, 2009.

Nash, Steven A. Facing Eden: 100 Years of Landscape Art in the Bay Area. San Francisco and Berkeley: Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco and University of California Press, 1995.

Natsoulas, John, ed. Lyrical Vision: The 6 Gallery, 1954-1957. Davis, CA: Natsoulas/Novelozo Gallery, 1990.

Natsoulas, John, and Vanessa Bolden. Beat Generation and Beyond: A Visual History, Volume II. Davis, CA: John Natsoulas Press, 2004.

Neubert, George W. San Francisco Bay Area Painting. Lincoln: Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, 1984.

Neubert, George W., and Therese Heyman, eds. Archives of American Art: California Collecting. Oakland, CA: Oakland Museum, 1977.

Orr-Cahall, Christina, ed. The Dilexi Years, 1958–1970. Oakland, CA: Oakland Museum, 1984.

Pagel, David. Jay DeFeo: Into Other Worlds. Los Angeles, CA: Marc Selwyn Fine Art, 2023.

Pedersen, Mette-Line Art Is Not an Intellectual Way of Thinking. Kristiansand, Norway: Kristiansand Kunsthall, 2014.

________. Beatkunst: De Glemte Malerne. Moss, Norway: Punkt Ø AS & MOMENTUM, 2018.

Phillips, Lisa. The American Century: Art and Culture, 1950-2000. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art and W.W. Norton, 1999.

________. Beat Culture and the New America, 1950-65. New York and Paris: Whitney Museum of American Art and Flammarion, 1995.

Rasmussen, Jack. The True Artist Is an Amazing Luminous Fountain: Selected Works from the di Rosa Preserve: Art & Nature. Napa, CA: di Rosa Preserve: Art & Nature, 2004.

Ratcliff, Carter. Jay DeFeo: Ingredients of Alchemy, Before and After ‘The Rose.’ New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2002.

Raven, Arlene. True Grit. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2000.

Rondinone, Ugo. The Third Mind: Carte Blanche à Ugo Rondinone. Paris: Palais de Tokyo, 2007.

________. The Spirit Level. New York: Gladstone Gallery, 2012.

Rosenfeld, Michael, ed. Michael Rosenfeld Gallery: The First Decade. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2000.

________, ed. 1950–1965: Abstraction on Paper. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2001.

________, ed. Abstraction Expressionism: Further Evidence, Painting and Sculpture. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2009.

Ross, Clifford. Jay DeFeo: The Language of Gesture. Beverly Hills: Marc Selwyn Fine Art, 2019.

Rubin, David S. Concerning the Spiritual: The Eighties. San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute, 1985.

________. Jay DeFeo: Selected Works, Past and Present. San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute, 1984.

Sasse, Julie. An Eclectic Eye: Selections from the Dan Leach Collection. Tucson, AZ: Tucson Museum of Art, 2007.

Schwager, Michael. Renaissance on Fillmore, 1955–65. Sonoma, CA: di Rosa, 2012.

Seligman, Isabel. Lines of Thought: Drawing from Michelangelo to Now. London: The British Museum and Thames & Hudson, 2016.

Singer, Debra, and Gregory Volk. Night Scented Stock. New York: Marianne Boesky Gallery, 2011.

Smith, William S. IGY. New York: Marianne Boesky Gallery, 2010.

Starr, Sandra Leonard, and Sophie Dannemüller. Assemblage and Collage in California in the 1960s. San Francisco: 871 Fine Arts, 2005.

Stein, Jordan. Earache. San Francisco: Fraenkel Gallery, 2018.

Stich, Sidra, ed. Jay DeFeo: Works on Paper. Berkeley: University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, 1989.

Sussman, Elisabeth. Jay DeFeo: Her Tripod and Its Dress. New York: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2003.

Turnbull, Betty. The Last Time I Saw Ferus: 1957–1966. Newport Beach, CA: Newport Harbor Art Museum, 1976.

Van Proyen, Mark. Dissonant Abstractions. San Jose, CA: San Jose Institute of Contemporary Art, 1986.

Whyte, Robert A., ed. Jay DeFeo: The Florence View and Related Works 1950–1954. San Francisco: Museo ItaloAmericano, 1997.

Wicks, Stephen C., ed. Lines of Discovery: 225 Years of American Drawings. London and Columbus, GA: D Giles and Columbus Museum, 2006.

Yau, John. Jay DeFeo: Chiaroscuro. Zurich: Galerie Eva Presenhuber and JRP|Ringier, 2013.

Articles & Reviews

Abatemarco, Michael. “Helmets in the Sky with Diamonds” Pasatiempo [Santa Fe] (7–13 Aug. 2009).

________. “Parades of Roses: The Multilayered Work of Jay DeFeo” Pasatiempo [Santa Fe] (15 Mar. 2013); <>.

Adams, Gerald. “A Drip Blob Scene: A Metal Tree from a Lot of Junk.” San Francisco Chronicle (3 Dec. 1961).

________. “Lady in Search of an Encore.” San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle (21 Sept. 1969): 26.

Albers, Patricia. “Deeper by the Dozen.” San Jose Metro (6 Oct. 1988): 16.

Albright, Thomas. “Just One Single Rose—A Glorious Anachronism.” San Francisco Chronicle (11 Apr. 1969): 69.

________. “Overgrown Gallery on the Hill.” San Francisco Chronicle (20 Dec. 1970): 45-46.

________. “Beat Generation Relives.” San Francisco Chronicle (1971). [Undated clipping in archives of The Jay DeFeo Trust]

________. “Their Own Artistic Paths.” San Francisco Chronicle (17 July 1971).

________. “Massive Restoration on ‘White Rose.’” San Francisco Chronicle (7 July 1973): 35.

________. “The Imagery of DeFeo: Paintings Reach Far Beneath the Surface.” San Francisco Chronicle (7 Sept. 1974): 31.

________. “Overview: ‘A Kind of Beatness.’” San Francisco Chronicle (17 Feb. 1975): 38.

________. “The Re-emergence of a Forceful Artist.” San Francisco Chronicle (8 July 1978): 37.

________. “Too Many Forests, Not Enough Trees.” ARTnews (Nov. 1978): 162, 165.

________. “Reestablishing Contact with the ‘Beat’ Ethic.” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Sept. 1979): 41, 43.

________. “Strong Works by a Powerful Artist.” San Francisco Chronicle (7 Feb. 1980): 46.

________. “Deep Parallels between Art and Jazz.” San Francisco Chronicle (24 Feb. 1980): 36–37.

________. “2300 Pound Rose.” ARTnews (May 1980): 141–43.

________. “Time of Change: Bay Area Art: A Critic’s Penetrating View of San Francisco’s Shifting Art Scene.” Horizon (July 1980): 24–27.

________. “Anniversary Show of Tuna Fish Casseroles.” San Francisco Chronicle (5 Jan. 1981).

________. “Art Isn’t Easily Divided into Decades.” San Francisco Chronicle (16 Feb. 1981).

________. “San Francisco, Different and Indifferent Drummers.” ARTnews (Jan. 1982): 86–90.

________. “Looking Back at a Unique Decade in Art.” San Francisco Chronicle (1 Nov. 1982).

________. “2 Artists ‘Relearning’ How to Paint.” San Francisco Chronicle (14 Feb. 1983).

________. “The Beat Artists Revisited.” San Francisco Chronicle (23 Oct. 1983): 12–13.

Aletti, Vince. “Voice Choices: ‘Fractured Identity: Cut and Paste.’” Village Voice (May 1994).

________. “How the Camera Re-Taught an Artist to See.” The New Yorker (22 Oct. 2023).

Allan, Ken. “Creating an Avant-Garde in 1950s Los Angeles: Robert Alexander’s Hand-Printed Gallery Brochure in the Archive of American Art.” Archives of American Art Journal 42, no. 3–4 (2002): 21–26.

________. “Reflections on Walter Hopps in Los Angeles.” X-TRA Contemporary Art Quarterly 8, no. 1 (Fall 2005).

Allen, Gwen. “Jay DeFeo.” Artforum (Mar. 2013): 282.

Atkins, Robert. “Jay DeFeo: Adaline Kent Award.” California (Apr. 1984): 24.

Aukeman, Anastasia. “It’s a Rat Trip, Baby.” Elephant Magazine (Winter 2016); <>.

Avgikos, Jan. “Jay DeFeo.” Artforum (Jan. 2004).

Ayres, Jane. “Influential Artists in Cultural Center Show.” Peninsula Times Tribune [Palo Alto, CA] (29 Jan. 1989).

Bahar, Jeff. “Sheldon Show Gives a View of the Bay Area.” Lincoln Star (20 Sept. 1984).

Bhar, Oda. “I Rosens Navn.” Morgenbladet (25 Sep. 2015); <>.

Baker, Kenneth. “Uncompromising Beat Era Artists Still Going Strong.” San Francisco Chronicle (29 Aug. 1986): 87.

________. “Retrospective of Northern California Art.” San Francisco Chronicle (21 Feb. 1987): 36.

________. “Artists in Command—and Others.” San Francisco Chronicle (1 June 1988): E3.

________. “Jay DeFeo Took Her Own Path.” San Francisco Chronicle (24 Feb. 1990).

________. “Earliest Works of Jay DeFeo.” San Francisco Chronicle (23 Oct. 1991): E4.

________. “Achenbach Sequel Can’t Live Up to Part I.” San Francisco Chronicle (3 Nov. 1991): 36.

________. “Art Rises in the East, Casts Sumptuous Light.” San Francisco Chronicle (9 Nov. 1995).

________. “Show Goes by the Book.” San Francisco Chronicle (18 July 1996): G1, G4.

________. “A ‘Rose’ by Any Other Fame.” San Francisco Chronicle (19 Mar. 1997): E1–E2.

________. “Serious Art: The Season’s Best Art Books Reflect Our Troubled World.” San Francisco Chronicle (14 Dec. 2003): M1.

________. “Defying the Notion of Uselessness as a Sign of Authenticity.” San Francisco Chronicle (6 Aug. 2005).

________. “Artist’s Jaundiced-Eye Views of Modern Life.” San Francisco Chronicle (1 Mar. 2008): E10.

________. “‘Galaxy’ Expands Berkeley Art Museum’s Horizons.” San Francisco Chronicle (28 Mar. 2009).

________. “SFMoMA Opens 75th Anniversary Celebration.” San Francisco Chronicle (19 Dec. 2009).

________. “R.H. Quaytman Questions Art Objects’ Self-Sufficiency.” San Francisco Chronicle (8 Jan. 2011): E1.

________. “Richmond Exhibition for Its 75th.” San Francisco Chronicle (14 Apr. 2011): F6.

________. “Galleries: Oliveira’s Figures Insert Humanity into Painting, DeFeo at Hosfelt.” San Francisco Chronicle (10 Sept. 2011): E1–E2.

________. “‘Jay DeFeo’ Review: Fearless Art.” San Francisco Chronicle (2 Nov. 2012); <>.

________. “DeFeo—Look for Transfigurations.” San Francisco Chronicle (3 Nov. 2012): E2.

________. “Gallery Shows: Chester Arnold, Jay DeFeo.” San Francisco Chronicle (23 Nov. 2012); <>.

________. “A Look Back at the Year in Bay Area Art” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Dec. 2012); <>.

Bakke, Erik. “Paul McCarthy’s Low Life Slow Life—A Short, Invigorating History of Influence Steeped in Loss, Death and Misconception.” Aftershock Magazine no. 4 (Winter 2010); <>.

Barmann, Jay. “Video: Regarding Jay DeFeo’s ‘The Rose,’ On View at SFMOMA.” (11 Dec. 2012);

Battenberg, David. “Jay DeFeo Exhibit at LAM.” Coast Line [Huntington Beach, CA] (10 Aug. 1990).

________. “DeFeo Leaves Her Mark in Laguna Art Museum Show.” Daily Pilot [Huntington Beach, CA] (19 Aug. 1990).

Beeler, Monique. “Women Show ‘Grit’ Before Grit Was Cool.” Oakland Tribune (21 Sept. 2001): 26.

Beete, Paulette. “Spotlight on Denver Art Museum’s Women of Abstract Expressionism Exhibit.” NEA Art Works Blog (14 Mar. 2016);

Bengston, Billy Al. “Late Fifties at the Ferus.” Artforum (Jan. 1969): 34–35.

Bellamy, Dodie. “The Good, the Bad, and the Pretty.” Open Space (1 Apr. 2010); <>.

________. “Veronica p.s.” Open Space (2 Apr. 2010); <>.

Berardini, Andrew. “Luxury Imports.” (8 Sept. 2007); <>.

Berg, Robert. “Jay DeFeo: The Transcendental Rose.” American Art 12, no. 3 (Autumn 1998): 68–78.

Berkovich, Ellen. “Jay DeFeo.” Art & Auction (Mar. 2007): 106–7.

________. “Jay DeFeo Exhibit in Santa Fe.” (20 Aug. 2009); <>.

Berkson, Bill. “Jay DeFeo at Fraenkel.” Art in America (Nov. 1992): 149.

________. “In the Heat of The Rose.” Art in America (Mar. 1996): 68–73, 110–11.

Bernstein, Stacey. “Obituaries: Jay DeFeo.” ARTnews (Feb. 1990): 29.

Bigman, Alex. “Beat-era Artist Jay DeFeo’s Famed ‘The Rose’ Comes to SFMoMA.” 7x7SF (1 Nov. 2012); <http://www.7×>.

________. “Jay DeFeo’s SFMOMA Homecoming.” 7x7SF (7 Nov. 2012); <http://www.7×>.

Blattner, Simon. “SF’s Wild History Groove.” Sonoma Valley Sun (4 Jan. 2013); <Õs-wild-history-groove/>.

Boettger, Suzaan. “An Eclectic Group of Works on Paper.” San Francisco Chronicle (2 June 1982).

Bonetti, David. “Jay DeFeo: The Real Thing.” San Francisco Examiner (26 Jan. 1990): C2.

________. “Metaphors for the Human Spirit.” San Francisco Examiner (17 June 1992).

________. “Now Is the Time for a City Tour.” San Francisco Examiner (20 Jan. 1995): C14.

________. “Weighing in on DeFeo’s ‘The Rose.’” San Francisco Examiner (15 Aug. 1995).

________. “Bay City Best: Art.” San Francisco Examiner Magazine (21 July 1996): 6.

________. “Beat Culture.” San Francisco Examiner (4 Oct. 1996).

________. “Bay City Best: Art.” San Francisco Examiner (16 Mar. 1997): 8.

________. “The Bloom Is Back on ‘The Rose.’” San Francisco Examiner (21 Mar. 1997): C15–C16.

________. “Hoving Cites Power of ‘Rose.’” San Francisco Examiner (5 Dec. 1997).

________. “Art: For the Bay Area Art World, Some Luminous Shows.” San Francisco Examiner (26 Dec. 1997): B1, B10.

________. “Whitney: Fifty Rambunctious Years of Art.” San Francisco Examiner (23 Jan. 2000): C5.

________. “Some Female Artists Who Made Their Own Way.” San Francisco Chronicle (15 Oct. 2001): B1, B3.

________. “With SFMOMA’s Benezra, Bay Area Gets Two Art Experts.” San Francisco Chronicle (26 Mar. 2002): D6.

________. “Artists Re-emerge from Obscurity to Acclaim.” St. Louis Post Dispatch (18 Jan. 2004): F1.

Bonin, Claudia. “Jay DeFeo: Ein Kraftakt Für Die Kunst.” Art—Das Kunstmagazin (Germany) (6 Mar. 2013); <>.

Bourbon, Matthew. “Critics Picks– Dallas: Jay DeFeo.” (May 2018); <>.

Bowles, John. “Jay DeFeo at Michael Rosenfeld.” Art in America (Nov. 2002): 157.

Boyd, Kealey. “Sexism and the Canon: Three Female Artists Reflect on ‘Women of Abstract Expressionism.’” Hyperallergic (14 Sep. 2016): D4; <>.

Bravo, Tony. “Jay DeFeo’s artwork defied labels, which is why it’s still relevant today.” San Francisco Chronicle (16 Oct. 2020).

________. “SFAI 150: A Spirit of Disruption.” San Francisco Chronicle, Datebook (13 Mar. 2021).

Brookman, Donna. “A Bay Area Diversity.” Artweek (15 Oct. 1988).

Brown, Brandon. “Mechanisms.” Art in America (1 Feb. 2018); <>.

________. “Exhibition Reviews—‘Mechanisms’.” Art in America (Feb. 2018); <>.

Brumer, Andy. “Jay DeFeo.” Art Scene (Nov. 1994): 10.

Bruno, Vanessa. “Jay DeFeo.” King Kong Magazine (Autumn-Winter 2016): 115-20.

Brunson, Jamie. “A Sense of Spiritual Metaphor.” Artweek (29 Nov. 1986): 9-10.

Budick, Ariella. “Woman to Woman.” New York Newsday (23 Apr. 2000).

________. “DeFeo’s ‘Rose’: Heavy with an Aching Need.” New York Newsday 10 Oct. 2003): B19.

________. “Jay DeFeo, Whitney Museum, New York—Review.” Financial Times (London) (2 Apr. 2013);

Burgard, Timothy Anglin. “Beat Culture and the New America: 1950–1965.” Fine Arts [Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco] (Oct. 1996) 20–25.

Burkhart, Dorothy. “The ’60s Art Experience.” San Jose Mercury News (17 Oct. 1982).

________. “Critic’s Choice.” San Jose Mercury News (6 May 1984).

________. “Critic’s Choice: Art.” San Jose Mercury News (15 Mar. 1987): 18.

________. “Feminine Statements: Triton’s Show Sparkles; UC-Santa Cruz’s Doesn’t.” San Jose Mercury News (14 Oct. 1988): D13.

________. “Generations of Abstractions.” San Jose Mercury News (20 Jan. 1989): 13D.

________. “The Rest of Jay DeFeo Is among Her Very Best.” San Jose Mercury News (26 Jan. 1990): 14E.

Burkman, Greg. “Art Beyond Regionalism.” Artifact 2, no. 5 (Mar.–Apr. 1997): 6–9.

Burton, Johanna. “Semina Culture: Wallace Berman and His Circle.” Artforum (Mar. 2007): 318–319.

Butler, Kirstin. “Comic Books as Journalism: 10 Masterpieces of Graphic Nonfiction.” (10 Aug. 2011);

Camhi, Leslie. “The return of DeFeo’s Rose evokes its determined maker.” The Village Voice, (22 Oct. 2003).

Cándida-Smith, Richard. “Postwar Modern Art and California’s Progressive Legacies.” Rethinking History 11, no. 1 (Mar. 2007): 103–23.

Carlisle, Susanna. “Jay DeFeo: No End: Works on Paper from the 1980s and Botanicals: Photographs from the 1970s.” THE Magazine [Santa Fe] (Oct. 2006).

Cascone, Sarah. “Once Forgotten Inside a Storage Unit, Work by New York School Painter Clinton Hill Shines at Frieze New York.” (3 May 2018); <>.

Cascone, Sarah. “Paula Cooper Is Now Representing the Estate of Jay DeFeo, the Still-Overlooked Artist Who Did Much More Than ‘The Rose.’” (27 Oct 2022)

Caws, Mary Ann. “Jay DeFeo: Inventing Objects.” Brooklyn Rail, (October 2023).

Cebulski, Frank. “Gesture and Freedom.” Artweek (15 May 1982): 3.

Chadwick, Susan. “Art of Gods in U.S. Debut at the Menil.” Houston Post (22 Apr. 1990): H18.

________. “Menil Finally Salutes Centuries of Art by and about Women.” Houston Post (3 May 1990): D1, D6.

Charters, Ann. “The Beats Go On.” San Francisco Chronicle Datebook (26 Nov. 1995): 28, 31.

Chayka, Kyle. “Can’t Miss New York Museum Shows in 2013” Hyperallergic (2 Jan. 2013); <>.

Chemla, Alexandra. “Gallerina Guide: Spring 2014.” (17 Apr. 2014); <>.

Chen, Kirsten. “DeFeo at Berkeley: Developing the Art Department from 1946–1951.” Caliber Magazine (23 Mar. 2018);

Chernick, Karen. “Beyond ‘The Rose’: A New Monograph Shines a Light on Abstract Expressionist Jay DeFeo’s Unseen Photography.” Artnet News, (2 Nov. 2023).

Christie, Tom. “Art Basel: Politics as Unusual.” (25 June 2016); <>.

Chun, Kimberly. “‘Sight/Vision: The Urban Milieu’: Art and Grit.” San Francisco Chronicle (23 Oct. 2013);

Clothier, Peter. “Jay DeFeo at Janus Gallery.” LA Weekly (14-20 July 1985): 67.

Coates, Robert M. “The ‘Beat’ Beat in Art.” New Yorker (2 Jan. 1960): 60.

Coe, Alexis. “Triple Threat: SFMOMA Opens Jasper Johns, Jay DeFeo, and Rafael Lozano-Hemmer.” SF Weekly Blogs (1 Nov. 2012);

Coffelt, Beth. “The Big Wave Was Rising.” San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle (9 Nov. 1975).

Cohen, Mark Daniel. “Exhibitions: True Grit.” Review (15 Apr. 2000): 19–21.

________. “The Smoldering Fire of ‘The Rose’: The Emergence of the World in the Art of Jay DeFeo.” aNYthing (May 2002): 8–9, 11.

Cohn, Terri. “Dilexi: The Early Years @ Brian Gross.” (9 Jul. 2019);

Collins, Tom. “The Buzz is Back: Restorative, Life-Generating Power of Art Returns with Dwight Hackett Exhibit.” Albuquerque Journal (15 Apr. 2005): 58.

________. “Yin and Yang.” Journal Santa Fe (22 Sept. 2006): S8.

Connell, Annie. “Breaking Private-Public Sphere Divisions in Art.” (9 Mar. 2010);

Conner, Bruce. “Jay DeFeo: A Conversation.” Grand Street no. 52 (1995): 223–34.

Cook-Romero, Elizabeth. “A Rose Emerging from Time’s Cocoon.” Pasatiempo [Santa Fe] (4–10 Aug. 2006): 54–56.

Coplans, John. “Sculpture in California.” Artforum (Aug. 1963): 3–6.

________. “Circle of Styles on the West Coast.” Art in America (June 1964).

Corbett, Rachel. “The Fall Auction Season Blazes to Life With Records for Bradford and DeFeo.” Artspace (27 Sept. 2013);

Cotter, Holland. “Art in Review: Jay DeFeo.” New York Times (16 Apr 1993): C28.

________. “Kiki Smith ‘Drawings.’” New York Times (18 Nov. 1994): C22.

________. “A Gift to the Whitney, for New Yorkers to Open.” New York Times (25 Oct. 2002): 36.

________. “An American Legacy, A Gift to New York.” New York Times (1vNov. 2002).

________. “A Return Trip to a Faraway Place Called Underground.” New York Times (26 Jan. 2007): B42.

________. “The Art of Feminism as It First Took Shape.” New York Times (9 Mar. 2007): E29, E33.

________. “Not Just ‘The Rose,’ but Also the Garden.” New York Times (1 Mar. 2013): C23;

________. “Whitney Museum: ‘Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.’” New York Times (29 Mar. 2013): C16.

________. “Some Marched Their Own Way—Holland Cotter’s Favorite 2013 Art Events.” New York Times (15 Dec. 2013): AR23;

________. “‘The Women Who Helped Create Abstract Expressionism.” New York Times (26 Aug 2016): D4;

Couturier, Elisabeth. “Comment les galeries françaises tirent leur épingle du jeu à la Foire de Bâle.” (6 June. 2016);

Cowan, Sarah. “Searching for Jay DeFeo (Again).” Hyperallergic (29 May 2014); <>.

Cross, Miriam Dungan. “Shocking ‘Beat’ Art Displayed.” Oakland Tribune (29 Nov. 1959): 4C.

Creahan, D. “New York — ‘America Is Hard to See’ The Debut Exhibition at the Newly Completed Whitney Museum, Through September 27th 2015.” (27 Apr. 2015);

Cumming, Laura. “Surface Work Review—Women Abstract Artists Dazzle in Historic Show.” The Guardian (15 Apr. 2018);

Curiel, Jonathan. “Jay DeFeo and Jasper Johns: Rarely Seen Work at SFMOMA.” San Francisco Weekly (21 Nov. 2012);

________. “Fall Arts 2015: Art.” San Francisco Weekly (2 Sep. 2015);

________. “Art: Stone Roses.” San Francisco Weekly (16 Sep. 2015);

________. “Mike Henderson Does It All.” San Francisco Weekly(30 Oct. 2019);

________. “Rediscover Visual Arts at These Reopened Galleries.” San Francisco Weekly (28 Aug. 2020); <>

Curl, Julia. “Jay DeFeo Put a Lens Up to the World.” Hyperallergic (9 Nov. 2023).

Curtis, Cathy. “Building Mobilities.” Artweek (26 Feb. 1983).

________. “San Mateo Arts Council ’83 Exhibit Shows What Good Judging Can Do.” Peninsula Times Tribune [Palo Alto, CA](15 May 1983).

Cutajar, Mario. “Jay DeFeo at Kohn Turner Gallery.” Artweek (Nov. 1997): 24.

Czarnecki, Joseph. “Reliving the Beat Period.” Artweek (22 Feb. 1975): 11–12.

Dagen, Phillippe. “Exposition: Du spirituel dans l’avant-garde.” Le Monde (9 May 2008).

Dalkey, Victoria. “Beat Generation Lives Again in San Francisco Art Exhibit.” Sacramento Bee (13 Oct. 1996).

Danieli, Fidel. “Mainstream California Individualism.” Artweek (12 Sept. 1981).

Dannatt, Adrian. “Beat Culture and the New America: 1950–1965.” Flash Art (Mar. 1996): 107.

________. “Jay DeFeo: Ingredients of Alchemy, Before and After ‘The Rose.’” Art Newspaper (Mar. 2002): 3.

Dannenmüller, Sophie. “Bruce Conner et les ‘Rats de l’art (San Francisco, 1958–1962).” Les Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne [Paris] 107 (Spring 2009): 52–75.

Davis, Douglas M. “Miss DeFeo’s Awesome Painting is Like Living Thing Under Decay.” National Observer (14 July 1969).

Delfiner, Judith. “Bifurcations: Notes sur le processus créative dans l’oeuvre de Jay DeFeo.” Les Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne [Paris] 107 (Spring 2009): 39–51.

________. “L’art de la Contreculture Californienne des Annêes 1950.” Perspective: actualitê en histoire de l’art, 2 [Paris] (2015).

Desmarais, Charles. “Jim Newman, Seeking the New in Art and Music for 7 Decades and Counting.” San Francisco Chronicle (5 Jan. 2018);

________. “Dilexi Gallery and SF Art History Live On at Brian Gross, Crown Point Press.” San Francisco Chronicle(21 Jun. 2019);

Dessent, Blaire. “A Bohemian in Paris: Jay DeFeo at Galerie frank elbaz.” (July 2016);

De Vries, Heidi J. “DeFeo” Engineer’s Daughter (2 Oct. 2012);

Dills, Keith. “Contrasting Concern and Techniques.” Artweek (12 Mar. 1988): 6.

Drohojowska, Hunter. “Pick of the Week.” LA Weekly (28 Aug.–3 Sept. 1981).

Duncan, Michael. “Bay Area Bravura.” Art in America (Sept. 1996): 45-47.

________. “Jay DeFeo at Mills College Art Museum.” Art in America (Sept. 2005): 161–62.

Dunham, Judith. “Poets of the Cities.” Artweek (1 Mar. 1975): 1–2.

________. “J. De Feo: Cabbage Rose.” Artweek (22 Sept. 1975): 11.

________. “Continuing Bay Area Traditions.” Artweek (8 Nov. 1975).

________. “Memorable Visions in Drawing and Sculpture.” Artweek (29 July 1978): 5.

________. “Jay DeFeo.” Arts and Architecture (Fall 1981): 16–17.

Edalatpour, Jeffrey. “Jay DeFeo’s Alter Ego at the Hosfelt Gallery.” San Francisco Weekly (16 Sep. 2015);

Edwards, Darren. “At the Center of Things.” Stone Voices (Sept. 2011): 52–55.

Eisenman, Stephen F. “William Black and the Age of Aquarius.” CAA.Reviews (16 Aug. 2019).

Eliel, Carol S. “Collection Highlight: Jay DeFeo’s The Jewel.” At the Museum: The Members’ Magazine of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Jan.–Feb. 2001): 14–15.

Elliott, Clare. “Fragments and Photographs: Reflections on an Unfinished Work by Jay DeFeo.” (Mar. 2017);

Ermann, Lynn M. “When Art Hits the Road.” Washington Post (29 Nov. 1998): 66–67.

Ewart, Nancy. “Jay DeFeo at Hosfelt Gallery.” (4 Oct. 2011);

________. “‘Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective’ at SFMOMA.” (1 Nov. 2012);

________. “SFMOMA’s Retrospective of Jay DeFeo, the Best Show of 2012.” (29 Dec. 2012);

Farago, Jason. “Armory Show Aims to Raise the Bar Amid Threat from Younger Rivals.” (8 Mar. 2013);

________ and Martha Schwendener. “What to See at New York’s Art Fairs This Week.” New York Times (3 Mar. 2017): C15;

Farhat, Maymanah. “Jordan Stein’s Rip Tales: Jay DeFeo’s Estocada & Other Pieces.” Brooklyn Rail (May 2022).

Feinsilber, Pamela. “Looking at Jay DeFeo: Don’t-miss Retrospective at SFMOMA.” (19 Jan. 2013);

Fellah, Nadiah. “Jay DeFeo at Hosfelt Gallery.” New American Paintings Blog (19 Oct. 2011);

Fensom, Sarah E.. “Mothers of Abstraction.” Art & Antiques (June 2016);

Finkel, Jori. “New L.A. Art Fair Firms Up Galleries and VIP Program.” Los Angeles Times: Culture Monster (20 July 2011);

________. “Culture Watch: ‘Jay DeFeo, A Retrospective.’” Los Angeles Times: Culture Monster (12 Dec. 2012);

________. “An Early Start to Celebrating the US Centennial of Women’s Suffrage.” The Art Newspaper(20 Aug. 2019);

Fischer, Jack. “Bay Area Artists Get Exhibits; Varied Palettes on View.” San Jose Mercury News (2 Sept. 2001): 5E.

________. “Exhibit Draws Artists’ Sketches; Pieces from All Over Bay Area Comprise Rich Collection.” San Jose Mercury News (2 Dec. 2001): 13E.

________. “Photos Reveal Hidden DeFeo.” San Jose Mercury News (7 Apr. 2002): 58.

________. “California Is a Focus as Collection Grows: New Exhibit Celebrates 35 Years of the San Jose Museum of Art.” San Jose Mercury News (24 Oct. 2004): 3E.

Fischer, Zane. “Drawing for Content.” Santa Fe Reporter (6 Apr. 2005): 26.

Flood, Greg. “‘Jay DeFeo, A Retrospective’—A Revelation.” (12 Dec. 2012);

Folkart, Burt A. “Jay DeFeo, 60: Abstract Painter Helped Establish California Art.” Los Angeles Times (15 Nov. 1989): A22.

Forrest, Nicholas. “Sneek Peek: What to See at Art Cologne 2017.” (26 Apr. 2017);

Forsgren, Frida. “Jay DeFeo’s Forgotten Roses: The Wise and Foolish Virgins.” Konsthistorisk Tidskrift/Journal of Art History [London] 78, no. 3 (2009): 131–141.

________. “En Retrospektiv Reise Gjennom 28 Verk: Jay DeFeo: A Rose Is a Flame Is a Sun Is a Star Is a Dove.” Kunstforum (14 Sep. 2015);

Foumberg, Jason. “Take a Trip and Trip Out to ‘William Blake and the Age of Aquarius.’” Chicago Reader (9 Nov. 2017);

Fowler, Carol. “Art World’s Hidden ‘Rose’ Blooms Again.” Contra Costa [CA] Times (12 Aug. 1995): E1–E2.

Frank, Peter. “Pick of the Week.” LA Weekly (18 Mar. 1988).

Frank, Priscilla. “‘Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective’ Gives Bay Area Legend Her Due at SFMOMA.” Huffington Post (16 Nov. 2012);

Frankenstein, Alfred. “Oakland Shows There Was No ‘California School.’” San Francisco Chronicle (26 Feb. 1956): 28.

________. “Bruce Conner Exhibit—Magic in Disorder.” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Sept. 1959).

________. “Glaring Lesson in Art Institute Show.” San Francisco Chronicle (Dec. 1961). [Undated clipping in archives of The Jay DeFeo Trust]

________. “The Institute Show—Contrasts and Confrontations.” San Francisco Chronicle (10 Dec. 1961): 32.

________. “An Exhibition of L.A. Modern Art.” San Francisco Chronicle (10 Dec. 1968): 50.

________. “The Wonderful ’50s—Artists and Poets.” The World (9 Feb. 1975): 25–26.

________. “Hansen Fuller Commemorating the Birth of Avant Garde Art.” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Oct. 1975).

________. “A Confrontation with the Modern Era.” San Francisco Chronicle (12 Sept. 1976): 33–34.

________. “Public Art and Abstracts in the Modern Era.” San Francisco Chronicle (19 Sept. 1976): 35.

Fried, Alexander. “Critic Calls Graphic Art Annual ‘Disgrace.’” San Francisco Examiner (18 Dec. 1955).

________. “A Motley Exhibit Badly Muffs Its Opportunity.” San Francisco Examiner (Dec. 1961). [Undated clipping in archives of The Jay DeFeo Trust]

________. “After 6 Years and 2300 Pounds of Paint.” San Francisco Examiner (11 Apr. 1969).

Friedman, Roberto. “God Save Us Queens.” Bay Area Reporter (1 Nov. 2012);

Frizzelle, Nancy. “The Sad Story of the ‘Rose.’” San Francisco Examiner (10 July 1973): 24.

Gammerman, Ellen. “The ‘Rose’ That Weighs a Ton.” Wall Street Journal (15 Feb. 2013): C14; <>.

Garchik, Leah. “New York Is Ready for the Magic.” San Francisco Chronicle (5 Nov. 2012); <>.

Garnett, Adrienne. “Whitney Museum of American Art.” South Florida Times (Feb. 2004): 26–27.

George, Kendall. “‘Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective’ at SFMOMA.” SFAQ Online (5 Nov. 2012);

Glentzer, Molly. “Art Daybook: Getting All Torn Up—Jay DeFeo in ‘The Holy Barbarians’ at the Menil.” Houston Chronicle (7 Jan. 2017);

Goddard, Donald. “Selected Works by Jay DeFeo.” (2004);

Godwin, Alice. “Jay DeFeo’s Transcendent Objects.” Gagosian Quarterly (12 Nov. 2020).

Goldstein, Andrew M. “‘Bella Pacifica: Bay Area Abstraction, 1946 to 1963’ at David Nolan Gallery.” (27 Jan. 2011);

Gonzalez, Alexandra. “Tausend Kilo Kunst.” Vogue [German edition] (Nov. 2012): 144.

________. “The Volcanoes of the West Coast.” Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazine (Germany) (26 Feb. 2016): 19;

Goodman, David. “The Passion of Jay DeFeo.” BlackBook Magazine (19 Feb. 2013);

Gopnik, Blake. “Jay DeFeo.” (25 Aug. 2009); <>.

Gorman, Caroline K. “Summer Landscapes.” Santa Fe Reporter (23 July 2010).

Gotthardt, Alexxa. “11 Female Abstract Expressionists You Should Know, from Joan Mitchell to Alma Thomas” (29 June 2016);

Gottschalk, Mary. “SJSU Art Department Marks 100 Years with Exhibits.” Silicon Valley Community Newspapers (8 Nov. 2013).

Graham, Margaret. “Women of Abstract Expressionism.” Brooklyn Rail (1 Sep. 2016): D4;

Greene, Merril. “Wallace Berman: Portrait of the Artist as an Underground Man.” Artforum (Feb. 1978): 53–61.

Grieve, Victoria. “Art as History: Interpreting the Past at the Nora Eccles Harrison Museum of Art.” Western Historical Quarterly 37, no. 3 (Autumn 2006): 351–57.

Griffin, Jonathan. “Bella Pacifica: Bay Area Abstraction 1946 to 1963 Reviewed by Jonathan Griffin.” PICPUS 6 (Summer 2011).

Gritz, Anna. “Paul McCarthy’s Low Life, Slow Life: Part I.” Frieze Magazine (28 Mar. 2008).

Gupta, Alisha Haridasani. “Pop Art in South Asian Millennial Strokes.” The New York Times (16 Aug. 2019).

Hackman, William. “Seven Artists in Search of a Place to Hang.” California (Nov. 1986): 88–95, 108.

Hale, Mike. “Captivating the Eye, Challenging the Brain.” New York Times (10 Nov. 2010): C7.

Halle, Howard. “On the Road Warriors.” TimeOut New York (8 Nov. 1995): 6–9.

________. “Top Five Shows: Feb 28–Mar 6, 2013.” TimeOut New York (28 Feb. 2013);

Hamlin, Jesse. “‘The Rose’ to Bloom at Whitney.” San Francisco Chronicle (12 Aug. 1995).

________. “Tracing the Path of the Beats.” San Francisco Chronicle (29 Sept. 1996).

________. “Oakland Museum of California to Reopen Doors.” San Francisco Chronicle (11 Apr. 2010): Q23.

Hammer, Erlend. “Rosen som Bilde og Forestilling.” (18 Sep. 2015);

Hartley, Todd. “For Museum Director Heidi Zuckerman, a Chance to View Artistic Arcs.” Aspen Daily News (24 May 2018);

Harvey, Doug. “Seven Degrees of Wally Berman: The Culture of Semina.” LA Weekly (30 Sept. 2005): 62–63.

Hatch, Kevin. “‘It Has to Do with the Theater’: Bruce Conner’s Ratbastards.” October 127 (Winter 2009): 109–32.

________. “’Thinking of You’: Bruce Conner’s Episolary Practice.” American Art (Spring 2019): 53-73.

Hegert, Natalie. “Prosthetic Objects.” (26 Sept. 2010);

________. “Hidden Gems and Unforgotten Histories: America Is Hard to See at the New Whitney.” (29 Apr. 2015);

Heinrich, Will. “Material World: ‘The Spirit Level’ at Gladstone and Donald Moffett at Boesky.” (27 Mar. 2012);

Heisler, Barry M. “Geometric Abstraction in California 1940–1960.” 871 Fine Arts [San Francisco] (1991).

Held, John, Jr.. “Beat Goes On.” SFAQ Online (Nov. 2012);

Helfand, Glen. “Wall Flower.” San Francisco Weekly (1 Feb. 1995): 19.

________. “Fall Arts Preview: Visual Arts.” San Francisco Chronicle (27 Aug. 2015);

Hendricks, Mark. “Bay Area Exhibit Paints Diverse Styles and Movements.” Daily Nebraskan (4 Oct. 1984): 11-12.

Herriman, Kat. “The 8 New Art Books Everyone Will Be Talking About This Fall.” Cultured Mag (26 Sep. 2023).

Hill, Peter. “To Be a Lady.” ARTnews (Feb. 2014): 103.

Hirsch, Faye. “Bruce Conner 1933–2008.” Art in America (Oct. 2008): 24.

Hoban, Phoebe. “The Feminist Evolution.” ARTnews(December 2009).

Hoberman, Mara. “Reviews: Paris, Jay DeFeo, Galerie Frank Elbaz.” ArtForum (Oct. 2016): 282;

Hodel, Emilia. “High Spots in S.F.’s Art History.” San Francisco Chronicle (2 Dec. 1961).

Holmes, Jessica. “Outrageous Fortune: Jay DeFeo and Surrealism.” Brooklyn Rail (4 Apr. 2018);

________. “Bruce Conner & Jay DeFeo: (we are not what we seem),” Brooklyn Rail (Oct. 2021)

Holt, Patricia. “The Beats Go On at de Young.” San Francisco Chronicle (11 Oct. 1996).

Holte, Michael Ned. “Best of 2013.” Artforum (Dec. 2013): 243.

Hopkins, Henry. “Is the Mainstream Flowing West?” ARTnews (Jan. 1982): 77–78.

Hotchkiss, Sarah. “Hope Comes to the Fore: 6 Visual Arts Shows to See This Fall.” (30 Aug. 2017);

Hudson, Suzanne. “Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.” Artforum (Oct. 2012): 116.

________. “Jay DeFeo: Marc Selwyn Fine Art.” Artforum (Nov. 2018);

________. “HIGHER GROUND.” Artforum (Oct. 2021).

Hugo, Joan. “Evidence.” NAPtext(s) 2, no. 1 (1996): 11–14.

Ianco-Starrels, Josine. “Art News.” Los Angeles Times (19 July 1981).

Ilyin, Nadia. “Living Treasures: Rene di Rosa.” Nob Hill Gazette [San Francisco] (Dec. 1997): 50–51.

Ivory, Jane. “J. DeFeo.” Artweek (21 Sept. 1974): 1.

Jacobs, Alexandra. “XX-Rated Art.” Elle (Mar. 2007): 430–31, 433.

Jacobs, Mimi. “Creating a 2300 Pound Rose.” Pacific Sun (30 Jan. 1976): 11–12.

Jenkins, Steven. “The Beat Goes On.” Bay Area Reporter [San Francisco] (3 Apr. 1997): 1, 50.

Jennings, Dana. “Finding Beauty in Decay and Math: Art Books from Jay DeFeo, Per Kirkeby and Hassel Smith.” New York Times (22 Mar. 2013): C31; <>.

Johnson, Ken. “Jay DeFeo: Ingredients of Alchemy, Before and After ‘The Rose’.” New York Times (19 Apr. 2002): B34.

________. “Art by Numbers: One 1,000-Foot Halo, and Jasper Johns.” New York Times (7 Sept. 2003): 96, 98.

________. “‘I.G.Y.’ Curated by Todd Levin.” New York Times (9 July 2010).

Johnson, Patricia C. “The Rediscovery of Jay DeFeo.” Houston Chronicle (15 Apr. 1990): 13, 15.

________. “The Mundane Turned to Art.” Houston Chronicle (19 Mar. 2008): E1, E5.

Jones, Marianna. “Artist’s Work Metaphysical.” Walla Walla Union-Bulletin (31 Jan. 1980): 16.

Jones, Paul. “Talking about Prayer and Art in the Galleries.” Art Institute of Chicago (13 Feb. 2024).

Jordan, Sarah. “Jay DeFeo Highlights: Painting.” Seven Arts (Sept. 1996): 11.

Kaiser, Philipp. “Und bei dir so?” Monopol (Germany) (Jan. 2013): 41.

Kamiya, Gary. “Painterland: the forgotten apartments of San Francisco’s avant-garde.” San Francisco Chronicle (24 June 2022).

Kandel, Susan. “Jay DeFeo at Kohn/Turner.” Art Issues 37 (Mar.–Apr. 1995): 37.

Karcher, Eva. “Ich Bin Die Anderen.” Vogue [German edition] (1 Sept. 2007): 268.

Kazanjian, Dodie. “Collective Spirit.” Vogue (Apr. 2003): 532, 536.

________. “Bloomsday.” Vogue (Sept. 2003).

Keats, Jonathon. “Jay DeFeo vs. Jasper Johns: Who Looks More Radical Now?” San Francisco Magazine (2 Nov. 2012);

Keer, Barbara. “‘William Blake and the Age of Aquarius’ Review—A Must See Exhibition.” Splash Magazines (11 Dec. 2017);

Kennedy, John F. “The Arts in America.” Look (18 Dec. 1962): 104–23.

Kennedy, Randy. “Two Artists United by Devotion to Women.” New York Times (22 Dec. 2008): C1, C8.

Kerman, Tori. “Art Museum Highlights Photorapher Jay DeFeo.” Mount Holyoke News (1 Dec. 2005).

Khare-Ghose, Archana. “Interview: Deborah Harris, Managing Director, Pier 92 – Modern/The Armory Show.” (1 Mar. 2016); <>.

Kiamzon, Johanna. “Gigantic ‘Rose’ and Its Obscure Creator Is Reintroduced to Public.” Associated Press (8 Oct. 2003).

________. “‘Rose’ on Display at Whitney Museum.” Miami Herald (8 Oct. 2003);

________. “Late West Coast Artist Jay DeFeo Reintroduced to U.S. Public in Exhibit.” [website] (8 Oct. 2003);

Kimmelman, Michael. “Beat is Hip Again, But What Is That?” New York Times (10 Nov. 1995): C1.

________. “Dorothy Miller is Dead at 99; Discovered American Artists.” New York Times (12 July 2003): B16.

________. “An Obsession, Now Excavated.” New York Times (10 Oct. 2003): E29, E33.

________. “The Art and Artists of the Year.” New York Times (28 Dec. 2003).

Kitamura, Katie. “Swagger, Drag, Fit Together.” Frieze Magazine (12 Oct. 2010).

Kingston, Anne. “The Missing Painters of Abstract Expressionism.” (22 June 2016);

Kitnick, Alex. “Mechanisms.” Artforum (Sep. 2017); <>.

Korman, Sam. “Orbits of Known and Unknown Objects: SFAI Histories / MATRIX 277.” The Brooklyn Rail (11 Nov. 2020).

Knight, Christopher. “Islands in the Artistic Mainstream.” Los Angeles Herald Examiner (6 Sept. 1981).

________. “A Whole New Way of Looking at Things.” Los Angeles Times (30 Jan. 1996): F1–F2, F12.

________. “‘Unwholesome’ Message Has Meaning Years Later.” Los Angeles Times (28 Sept. 2005): E1, E4.

________. “A Feminist Breakout.” Los Angeles Times (5 Mar. 2007): E1, E6.

________. “Art Review: Mark Grotjahn at Blum & Poe.” Los Angeles Times: Culture Monster (12 Mar. 2010);

________. “Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A., 1945–1980.” Los Angeles Times (18 Sept. 2011);

________. “At New Whitney Museum Site, a Show Is Shrouded in Parochialism.” Los Angeles Times (27 Apr. 2015);

________. “A Groundbreaking Show to Confront the Gender Bias in Art: ‘Women of Abstract Expressionism.’.” Los Angeles Times (Apr. 11, 2017); <>.

________. “A Storied Art Collection Shrouded in Mystery Will Anchor New UC Irvine Museum.” Los Angeles Times (15 Nov. 2017);

________. “MOCA Still Mum About Curator’s Firing, Despite Crucial Questions and Too Few Answers.” Los Angeles Times (20 Mar. 2018); <>

________. “Review: Jay DeFeo show offers a provocative sketch of a California artist finding her voice.” Los Angeles Times (17 Aug. 2019)

Knowles, Margaret. “Fact Sheet: Jay DeFeo.” (9 Mar. 2010);

Koehn, Ryan. “SFMOMA Shows Diverse Work of UC Berkeley Alum Jay DeFeo.” Daily Californian (5 Nov. 2012);

Koll, Juri. “How Artists Survive: They Become Rat Bastards.” Huffington Post (Nov. 12, 2016):

Kramer, Hilton. “Whitney’s Lisa Phillips Digs Those Crazy Beats.” New York Observer (27 Nov. 1995): 1, 25.

Kunitz, Daniel. “The Season of the Outsize, with Inness, Rosenquist and DeFeo.” New York Sun (15 Sept. 2003): 27.

Kurczynski, Karen. “Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution.” Woman’s Art Journal (Fall–Winter 2008): 50–53.

Lacayo, Richard. “New Survey Brings Women Into the Action of Abstract Expressionism.” Time (4 July 2016);

Lack, Hannah. “Jay DeFeo’s The Rose.” AnOther Magazine (Autumn/Winter 2014): 172.

Lavrador, Judicaël. “Beat, Génération Spontanée” Liberation (26 June 2016);

________. “La Matiière Noire de Jay DeFeo Rayonne à Dijon (The Dark Matter of Jay DeFeo Shines in Dijon).” Liberation (25 Mar. 2018);

Lee, Anthony W. “The Gang of Six.” Artweek (25 Jan. 1990): 1, 20.

________. “Bohemian California and Political Dissent.” American Quarterly 48, no. 4 (Dec. 1996): 708–15.

Leffingwell, Edward. “‘Ferus’ at Gagosian.” Art in America (Mar. 2003): 90–93.

Leider, Philip. “Reviews.” Artforum (July 1963): 6–15.

Leland, John. “The Mad Ones.” New York Times Book Review (12 Apr. 2009):17.

Leonard, Michael. “Wrestling with Abstraction.” Artweek (4 Oct. 1986): 7.

Lequeux, Emmanuelle. “L’art contemporain selon Rondinone.” Le Monde (10 Nov. 2007).

Levy, Leah. “Jay DeFeo: Dibujos y Collages.” Fanal [San Jose, Costa Rica] (Jan. 1996): 28–29.

Lewallen, Constance. “The Real ‘Rose’ Story.” San Francisco Chronicle Datebook (13 Oct. 1996): 8.

Lewis, Jo Ann. “Art in the Near-View Mirror; The Last 50 Years: Too Close for Comfort in N.Y. Show.” Washington Post (3 Oct. 1999): G1.

Liberatore, Paul. “Lib at Large: An Artist’s Celebrated Obsession Comes Home.” Marin Independent Journal (1 Dec. 2012);

Lifkink Liz. “Portrait of a Critic.” Expo-See, 32, no. 13 (1985): 8–19.

Ligon, Glenn. “Hotel Blues: Conversations with Wayne Koestenbaum and Glenn Ligon.” Modern Painters (May 2007): 72–79.

Lippincott, Robin. “Book Review: Art’s Greatest Hits.” New York Times (28 Dec. 1997): 13.

Littlejohn, David. “The New York School’s Cross-Country Rival.” Wall Street Journal (10 Sept. 1996);

________. “Cosmology on a Canvas.” Wall Street Journal (20 Nov. 2012): D5.

Liss, Andrea. “Jay DeFeo’s Art: A Continuous Vision.” Artweek (5 May 1984): 1.

Lord, M. G. “On the Road Again.” Vogue (Oct. 1995): 326–31, 372.

Lubow, Arthur. “What to See in N.Y.C. Galleries Right Now.” The New York Times (13 Sept. 2023).

Ma, Julie. “Jay DeFeo, Forgotten Female Beat Artist, Gets Her Due.” New York Magazine (27 Feb. 2013);

MacAdams, Lewis. “The Life of The Rose.” Detour (Feb. 1996): 134.

Maclay, Catherine. “A Cathedral to 20th-Century Art, S.F. Museum Shows Its Old and New in an Ideal Space.” San Jose Mercury News (15 Jan. 1995): 5.

________. “A Rose That’s Larger Than Life.” San Jose Mercury News (28 Mar. 1997).

________. “In the Name of The Rose.” California Monthly (June 1997): 12–13.

Maertens, Marie “Art Basel mise sur les valeurs sûres.” (14 June 2016);

Marcus, Greil. “The Incredible Disapearing Art.” San Francisco Focus (Oct. 1991): 51–55.

________. “Top Ten.” Artforum (Summer 1995): 29–30.

________. “Ritual in Transfigured Time.” Film Comment 41, no. 1 (Jan.–Feb. 2005): 62-66.

Maréchal-Workman, Andrée. “Jay DeFeo at Gallery Paule Anglim.” Artforum (July-Aug. 1983): 51–52.

________. “Excerpts from an Interview with Jay DeFeo” Expo-See, No. 11 (Summer 1984).

Marks, Ben. “The Poetics of Assemblage.” Artweek (6 May 1989): 1.

Marks, Ben. “Johns and DeFeo Reunited at SFMOMA.” (18 Dec. 2012);

Marks, Rob. “Jay DeFeo: Spatial Relations.” (11 Jan. 2013);

Martin, Fred. “Remembering ‘The School.’” Artweek (1 Nov. 1975).

________. “Point of View: The Great Mother….” Artweek (3 May 1980): 2.

________. “Point of View: Art and History—What Foxy Knows.” Artweek (12 Feb. 1983).

McCarthy, Allison. “This Week’s Hottest Events: Tom Wolfe, Woodkid, Jasper Johns, and Jay DeFeo.” 7x7SF (29 Oct. 2012);

________. “Radar: Into Focus.” 7×7 Art & Design (Nov. 2012): 31.

McGlone, Peggy. “Trustee Promises 18 Drawings by American Sculptors to Phillips Collection.” Washington Post (9 Mar. 2015);

McQuaid, Cate. “A Beat Artist’s Graceful Fascination with Form.” Boston Globe (11 Oct. 2007).

________. “Art Brought to the Edge.” Boston Globe (27 Dec. 2007).

Meidav, Edie. “Grand Obsessions: Jay DeFeo at Paule Anglim.” Artweek (28 Nov. 1991): 1, 16.

Meline, Gabe and Michael S. Gant. “In Full Bloom.” (9 Jan. 2013);

Mendicov, Melissa L. “‘Holy Barbarians’ at the Menil Collection.” Glasstire (December 5, 2016);

Michos, Dare. “A Legacy of Abstraction.” Artweek (25 Feb. 1989).

Mickelson, Nate. “Jay DeFeo: Photographic Work.” Brooklyn Rail (31 Jan. 2024).

Miedzinski, Charles. “The San Francisco: A Museum at Mid-Life.” Artweek (19 Jan. 1985): 1.

Miles, Chrostopher. “Sandeep Mukherjee.” Artforum (Jan. 2006): 229.

Miles, Eric. “Inventing Objects: Jay DeFeo’s Photographic Work | Paula Cooper Gallery, New York City.” Photograph Mag (1 Nov. 2023).

Miller, Arthur. [Review.] Los Angeles Times (Jan. 1958).

Miller, Michael H. “Whitney Plans Jay DeFeo Retrospective.” GalleristNY (13 Dec. 2012);

________. “The T List: Five Things We Recommend This Week.” T Magazine (7 Oct. 2021).

Miranda, Carolina A. “Datebook: An Anniversary Show, Works By a Key Bay Area Artist, Paintings that Touch On Ideas of Home.” Los Angeles Times (Nov. 3, 2016):

Modenessi, Jennifer. “Mapping the Legacy of the Richmond Art Center.” [San Jose, CA] (29 Apr. 2011);

Monroe, Arthur. “The Decade of Bebop, Beatniks and Painting.” SOMArts Cultural Center (1998);

Mooney, Christopher. “The Third Mind: Carte Blanche A Ugo Rondinone.” Art Review (Dec. 2007): 142.

Morales, Max. “Notes from New York.” San Francisco Fashion Forum News [San Francisco] (Dec. 1995): 2, 6.

Morch, Al. “The Prize Rebirth of an Abstractionist.” San Francisco Examiner (23 Apr. 1984): B15.

________. “A Sweetheart of a Sale.” San Francisco Examiner (11 Feb. 1985).

Morgan, Robert C. “After the Deluge.” Arts (Mar. 1992): 49–55.

________. “Soho Shows: What Are the Symptoms?” Cover (Apr. 1993): 10.

________. “Artseen: Beside The Rose: Selected Works by Jay DeFeo.” Brooklyn Rail (Dec. 2003–Jan. 2004).

Morris, Barbara. “Appreciation: Jay DeFeo (1929–1989).” Art Ltd. (Nov. 2012);

Muchnic, Suzanne. “A Louver Celebration of the Nonconformist.” New York Times (3 Aug. 1981).

________. “The Next Big Thing.” Los Angeles Times (4 Mar. 2007): F1.

________. “This Is How He Grew to Be Unclean.” Los Angeles Times (24 Feb. 2008): F1, F4.

Murray, Joan. “Review: A Kind of Beatness.” Popular Photography (July 1975): 116–17.

Needleman, Jacob. “Tempus Fugit.” Forbes (30 Nov. 1998): 86–87.

Nichols, Matthew Guy. “Mark Grotjahn at Whitney Museum of American Art.” Art in America (February 2007).

________. “Beyond The Rose.” Art in America (Mar. 2013);

Nieto, Margarita. “Wallace Berman and His Circle.” Art Scene (7 Sept. 2005).

Nixon, Bruce. “The Way Things Were.” Artweek (11 Jan. 1990): 1, 18.

________. “The Resurrection of The Rose.” Artweek (Oct. 1995): 24–25.

Nonnenberg, Sheryl. “Getting It Down On Paper: A Different Aspect of the Anderson Collection On View.” Palo Alto Online (30 May 2018);

Nugent, Jeanne. “Retrospectively Yours.” Philadelphia Weekly (11 Sept. 1996).

Obrist, Hans-Ulrich. “Walter Hopps Hopps Hopps.” Artforum (Feb. 1996): 60–63, 98, 101, 104, 106.

Ogg, Mary. “High Craftsmanship Evidenced by County Artists in Display at Fair; Show Is Non-Regional.” San Jose Mercury Herald (19 Sept. 1946): B1.

O’Hern, John. “Broad & Inclusive.” American Fine Art (May/June 2016): 58-65.

Ollman, Leah. “The 1960s Dilexi Gallery, Raw and Radical, Gets Brought Back to Life.” Los Angeles Times(30 Jul. 2019);

O’Neill-Butler, Lauren. “Critics Picks: Jay DeFeo.” (14 Mar. 2013);

O’Neill-Butler, Lauren. “Jay DeFeo.” Artforum (Sep. 2014).

Osberg, Annabel. “Jay DeFeo.” Artillery (22 Aug. 2018);

Pagel, David. “In the Galleries: Jay DeFeo at Kohn Turner Gallery.” Art & Auction (Nov. 1994).

________. “Art Reviews: A Spin on Surrealism.” Los Angeles Times (3 Nov. 1994): F8.

________. “Finding the Thrill of Mystery in the Details.” Los Angeles Times (26 Sept. 1997).

Palumbo, Jacqui. “These Smithsonian Archival Photos Show Famous Artists with Their Cats.” (17 Apr. 2019);

Paskin, Murray. “Discovering Bruce Conner.” San Francisco Examiner (1 Oct. 2009).

Perreault, John. “Artopia: Jay DeFeo’s ‘The Rose’:Into the Light.” (11 Jan. 2004);

Phillips, Lisa. “Beat Culture and the New America: 1950–1965.” West Magazine [SF Art Institute] (Winter 1995–1996): 16–17.

Pincus, Robert L. “Individualistic Art at Louver.” Los Angeles Times (7 Sept. 1981).

Plagens, Peter. “70 Years of California Modernism in 340 Works by 200 Artists.” Art in America (May 1977): 63–69.

________. “Blooming Brilliance on a Grand Scale.” The Wall Street Journal (1 Jan. 2021).

________. “The San Francisco School of Abstract Expressionism.” Artforum (Nov. 1996): 90&150;91, 127.

Pogrebin, Robin. “At Art Basel Miami Beach, Fewer Dabblers but Deliberative Sales.” New York Times (December 1, 2016);

Politi, Giancarlo and Helena Kontova “What Art Will Be.” Flash Art (July–Sept. 2012);

Ponce, Juan Bernal. “Tinta Derramada y Monotonia Equinoccial.” La Nación [San José, Costa Rica] (10 Apr. 1996): 6.

Press, Clayton. “Chancing the Ridiculous, Jay DeFeo and Surrealism.” Forbes (21 Mar. 2018);

Preston, Stuart. “Art: ‘Sixteen Americans.’” New York Times (16 Dec. 1959): 50.

Princenthal, Nancy. “Feminism Unbound.” Art in America (June–-July 2007): 142–153.

Quinn, Bridget. “Seven Famous Postwar American Artists from the Bay Area.” Nob Hill Gazette (30 Apr. 2024).

Ramos, Leta. “The Artist’s Palette.” New West (2 July 1979): 20-23.

Ratcliff, Carter. “The Collectors: California Outlook.” Architectural Digest (Apr. 1984): 134–141.

________. “And the Beats Go On.” Art in America (Mar. 1996): 62–67.

________. “Romance of the Rose.” Modern Painters (Spring 2003).

Rees, Christina. “Let’s Talk About Galerie Frank Elbaz and Jay DeFeo.” Glasstire (11 July 2018);

Regan, Kate. “Looking Back on the Work of a Visionary.” San Francisco Chronicle (25 Apr. 1984).

________. “Recalling the Dilexi Spirit.” San Francisco Chronicle (11 Nov. 1984): 12.

Reilly, Janet. “The Interview — Mike Henderson Has More To Do.” Nob Hill Gazette (1 May 2021)

Reveaux, Tony. “California Visions and National Obsessions on CD-ROM.” Microtimes (30 Apr. 1997): 212, 230, 245.

Rice, Robin. “Review: Jay DeFeo: Selected Works 1952–1989 by Constance Lewallen, Bill Berkson, Michael McClure.” Woman’s Art Journal 19, no. 1 (Spring–Summer 1998): 58–59.

Richards, Sally. “Fiery Innovation at Triton Exhibit.” Santa Clara [CA] American Weekly (13 Oct. 1988): 11.

Roalf, Peggy. “Jay DeFeo at SFMOMA.” Design Arts Daily (4 Jan. 2013);

Robinson, Walter. “Obituaries: Jay DeFeo.” Art in America (Jan. 1990): 196, 198.

________. “Weekend Update.” (29 Apr. 2002);

Roche, Harry. “Jay DeFeo.” San Francisco Bay Guardian (7 May 1997): 86.

Roder, Sylvie. “Painters Show and Tell.” Palo Alto Weekly (11 Mar. 1987): 29.

Rosenberg, Karen. “Art in Review: Jay DeFeo.” New York Times (11 Feb. 2010).

________. “Tapping Psychic Undercurrents.” New York Times (13 Apr. 2012): C24.

________. “Jay DeFeo.” New York Times (6 June 2014): C25;

Rosenthal, Mark. “Artists Extending Their Reach.” Brooklyn Rail (18 Dec. 2018);

Ross, Alex. “Editorial Recommendations: Jay DeFeo.” Visual Art Source (24 July 2010);

Ross, Clifford. “Jay DeFeo: Depicting with Abandon.” The Brooklyn Rail (Sep. 2019);

Roth, David M. “Jay DeFeo @ Hosfelt.” (24 Sept. 2011);

________. “Jay DeFeo @ SFMOMA.” (18 Jan. 2013);

________. “Jay DeFeo @ Hosfelt.” (5 Oct. 2015);

________. “Jay DeFeo @ San Jose Museum of Art.” (9 Apr. 2019);

Roth, Moira. “Jay DeFeo.” Mills Quarterly (Feb. 1990): 30-31.

________. “Talking with Jay DeFeo.” Artweek (8 Feb. 1990): 19.

Rowe, Sam. “William Blake and the Age of Aquarius.” Chicago Review (Feb. 2018);

Rubin, David S. “Jay DeFeo.” Visual Art Source (21 Aug. 2018);

Rubio, Jeff. “Traveling Exhibit Brings Works of Jay DeFeo to Laguna Art Museum.” Orange County Register (11 July 1990).

Russeth, Andrew. “13 Things to Do in New York’s Art World Before May 4.” (13 Apr. 2014);

________. “The Whitney Opens With a Winner.” ARTnews (23 Apr. 2015);

________. “Everything’s Coming Up DeFeo.” ARTnews (6 Jan. 2017);

Ryan, Mary Miles. “Major 20th Century State Exhibition Opens Here Friday.” San Francisco Chronicle (29 Aug. 1976): 31.

Saltz, Jerry. “Hell Holes.” (21 Sept. 2004): B1;

Saltz, Jerry. “Where the Girls Aren’t.” Village Voice (19 Sept. 2006);

________. “The New New Museum: How the Whitney Might Just Solve the Impossible Problem of Contemporary Art.” New York Magazine (20 Apr. 2015); <>.

Sandberg, Lotte. “Avantgarde moter Sørlandet.” Aftenposten [Oslo] (10 Feb. 2008): 16–17.

Sauthoff, Patricia, and Charlotte Iusinski. “Visual Arts Listings.” Santa Fe Reporter (2-8 Aug. 2006).

Schade, Alessandra. “Jay DeFeo: Transcending Definition.” Musée Magazine (15 Oct. 2020).

Schwager, Michael. “Renaissance on Fillmore: 1955–65” The New Fillmore [website] (2 Jan. 2013);

Schjeldahl, Peter. “Beat and Rebeat.” Village Voice (21 Nov. 1995): 73.

________. “Flower Power: A Jay DeFeo Retrospective.” New Yorker (18 Mar. 2013): 82;

________. “New York Odyssey: The Whitney Re‘stablishes Itself Downtown.” The New Yorker (27 Apr. 2015);

Schoenthal, Rebecca Young. “Review: Jay DeFeo and The Rose, edited by Jane Green and Leah Levy.” CAA Reviews (15 Jan 2004);

Schwartz, Stephen. “Exhibit on Beat Poets at UC Berkeley.” San Francisco Chronicle (31 May 1996): A12.

Schwendener, Martha. “Art in Review: Pre-Post: American Abstraction.” New York Times (10 Nov. 2006): B36.

________. “A Machinery for Living.” New York Times (18 July 2014): C22;

________ and Jason Farago. “What to See at New York’s Art Fairs This Week.” New York Times (3 Mar. 2017): C15;

Scobie, Ilka. “Ugo Rondinone: Distilled Spirits.” (12 Apr. 2012);

Searle, Adrian. “The Art of Seeing.” New York Times Book Review (4 Sept. 2005): 13.

Secci, Gustavo P. “Impasto Master.” Daily Californian (21 Mar. 1997): 3, 7.

Seed, John. “The Early Life of Bruce Conner and His Rat Bastard Bohemia.” Hyperallergic (27 Oct. 2016):

Seed, John. “Unearthing a Treasure Trove of Bay Area Women Abstract Painters.” Hyperallergic (1 Sep. 2022).

Seidel, Miriam. “Jay DeFeo at Moore College of Art.” Art in America (Jan. 1997): 101–2.

Seldis, Henry J. “Surrealist Credo.” Los Angeles Times (24 Mar. 1960).

Selz, Gabrielle. “Jay DeFeo’s Rose Has Wings.” Huffington Post (website) (28 Mar. 2013);

Selz, Peter. “Wallace Berman and His Circle at BAM.” Berkeley Daily Planet (5 Dec. 2006).

Servis, Nancy M. “The Richmond Art Center Celebrates Art Alive 75th Benefit Gala on March 26th.” San Jose Mercury News (4 Mar. 2011).

________. “Richmond Art Center a Vibrant Hub for Art.” San Jose Mercury News (29 April 2011).

________. “Excitement Permeates Richmond Art Center.” (1 May 2011);

Sevcik, Kimberley. “Howl Now..” Travel & Leisure (Nov. 1995): E1–E4.

Shaw-Eagle, Joanna. “Luminously Figurative: Rare Glimpse at Quirky West Coast Movement.” Washington Times (8 May 2004): B1.

Sheets, Hilarie M. “Prolific and Endlessly Experimental, Jay DeFeo Has Become an Icon for Artists.” (30 Jan. 2018);

Shere, Charles. “‘White Rose’ Needs a Home.” Oakland Tribune (29 July 1973): 28.

________. “De Feo Paintings Show Commitment.” Oakland Tribune (19 Sept. 1974): E23.

________. “Galleries Show Area’s Finest Work.” Oakland Tribune (27 or 28 Sept. 1975).

________. “A Pair of Painters with New San Francisco Shows.” Oakland Tribune (17 Feb. 1980).

________. “An Exhibit Looks at the ’60s.” Oakland Tribune (7 Nov. 1982).

________. “DeFeo’s Paintings Achieve a New Level.” Oakland Tribune (1 Mar. 1983): D4.

________. “Beat Artists’ Work among Exceptional Talents Exhibited.” Oakland Tribune (19 Oct. 1983): E3.

________. “Two S.F. Exhibits with Hints of Religion and Spring.” Oakland Tribune (28 Apr. 1984).

________. “Dilexi Gallery Retrospective Recalls Beat and Beatles Eras.” Oakland Tribune (21 Oct. 1984): 4.

________. “Old Masters of Beat Span Generations.” Oakland Tribune (19 Aug. 1986).

________. “Mills Art Faculty Soars in Exhibit.” Oakland Tribune (7 Oct. 1986): C1.

________. “Berkeley Art Show Makes Strong Statement for Expressive Abstraction.” Oakland Tribune (27 Nov. 1986): C3.

________. “Gallery Roundup” Oakland Tribune (25 Feb. 1987).

________. “Gallery Roundup” Oakland Tribune (20 Apr. 1987).

________. “Made in U.S.A.’ at University Art Museum” Oakland Tribune (6 Apr. 1987).

________. “Gallery Roundup” Oakland Tribune (8 Dec. 1987).

________. “Jay DeFeo (1929-1989).” Art of California (Mar. 1990): 36–39.

________. “Jay DeFeo; Jasper Johns.” The Eastside View (5 Jan. 2013);

Sherrill, Martha. “The Rose.” A Magazine #11 Curated by Rodarte (Dec. 2011): 12–25.

Shiffman, Jean. “CCA Celebrates Its Centennial.” San Francisco Arts Monthly (Oct. 2007): 2, 45.

Sholis, Brian. “Previews: Pioneers.” Artforum (Sept. 2007): 176.

Shuster, Robert. “Spring Arts Preview.” Village Voice (29 Mar. 2017): 26-27.

Silv, Randee. “Between Destinations: The Rose Unearthed” Revolt 1, no. 4 (2013);

Silver, Joanne. “Jay DeFeo, Nielsen.” ARTnews (Jan. 2008).

Silverman, Jan. “S. F. Valentine Auction for Your Heart’s Content.” Oakland Tribune (11 Feb. 1985).

Singh, Gary. “SJSU Art Department Celebrates Its Centennial with Multiple Shows.” com (11 Dec. 2013): AR23;

Skestos, Stephanie. “The Annunciation, 1957–59 by Jay DeFeo.” Art Instituteof Chicago Museum Studies 25, no. 1 (1999): 18–19, 99.

Smith, Dean. “DeFeo, Conner Papers Add to Bancroft’s Beat Collection.” Bancroftiana 112 (Spring 1998): 1, 3.

Smith, Laura. “Berkeley’s Women Artist Trailblazers.” Cal Alumni Association (1 Dec. 2022).

Smith, Roberta. “When Context Outshines Content.” New York Times (24 Sept. 1999);

________. “Art in Review: True Grit.” New York Times (5 May 2000).

________. “Ferus.” New York Times (20 Sept. 2002): B33.

________. “Art in Review: Exquisite Corpse—Cadaver Exquis.” New York Times (10 Mar. 2006).

________. “The Shock of the New, 50 Years On.” New York Times (10 July 2009): C21, C26.

Snyder, Jud. “An Art Show with Elbow Room.” Rohnert Park [CA] Clarion (Nov. 1978).

Solnit, Rebecca. “Bruce Conner: The Assemblage Years.” Expo-See 32, no. 14, (1985): 9–19.

________. “A Familiar Future.” Artweek (13 July 1985): 5–6.

________. “Gallery Paule Anglim.” Pacific Sun (29 Aug. 1986).

________. “Icons and Iconoclasts.” Artweek (6 Sep. 1986).

________. “Orders and Questions.” Artweek (12 Mar. 1988).

________. “Jay DeFeo Dies November 11.” Artweek (23 Nov. 1989): 20.

________. “Invocations of Mystery: Paintings on Paper by Jay DeFeo Defy Categorization.” Artweek (8 Feb. 1990): 1, 18–19.

________. “Farewell, Bohemia: On Art, Urbanity, and Rent.” Harvard Design Magazine 11 (Summer 2000): 63–69.

________. “Inventing San Francisco’s Art Scene: 1960s Bohemians Altered the World from Their Lofts in the City.” San Francisco Chronicle (25 Jan. 2004): E1.

Solomon, Deborah. “Jay DeFeo and Bruce Conner Were BFF’s (Bohemian Friends Forever),” The New York Times (7 Oct. 2021).

Sommer, Danielle. “In Perpetuity: Abstract Now/Abstract Then at the Berkeley Art Museum.” (5 Mar. 2011);

Sozanski, Edward. “Giving a Neglected Artist Credit Long Overdue.” Philadelphia Inquirer (10 Sept. 1996).

Steadman, Ryan. “Museum Spotlights the Women of America’s First Cutting Edge Art Movement.” (18 Feb. 2016);

Steele, Judy McConnell. “Bay Area Artists Featured in New Gallery Exhibit.” [Boise] Idaho Statesman (21 Sept. 1984): D1.

Steger, Pat. “The Haases Say Good-By to the A’s.” San Francisco Chronicle (4 Oct. 1995): E4.

Steinhauer, Jillian. “Finally, An Exhibition Devoted To the Women of Abstract Expressionism.” Hyperallergic (24 Sep. 2015);

Sternberger, Paul. “Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.” Woman’s Art Journal (Fall–Winter 2013): 48-50.

Stephens, Christopher John. “No Reader of ‘William Blake and the Age of Aquarius’ Will Remain Unmoved.” PopMatters (27 Nov. 2017);

Stiles, Knute. “Jay DeFeo at the University Art Museum.” Art in America (Mar.–Apr. 1979): 157.

________. “Jay DeFeo.” The Voice [Aptos, CA] (22 Feb. 1980).

________. “Jay DeFeo at Gallery Paule Anglim.” Art in America (Sept. 1983): 179.

Strawn, Sandra. “Four Artists Explore Drawing Techniques.” The Voice [Aptos, CA] (Dec. 1998).

Strickman, Eve. “Jay DeFeo’s Deadly Rose.” NY Arts 9, no. 1–2 (Jan.–Feb. 2004).

Stromberg, Matt. “Shotgun: DeFeo.” (22 Sept. 2011);

Stuebner, Anton. “Jay DeFeo / Alter Ego.” (1 Oct. 2015);

Sussman, Matt. “Low Life, Slow Life, Part I.” San Francisco Bay Guardian (20 Feb. 2008).

Sutton, Benjamin. “Ladies First at the 2017 ADAA Art Show.” Hyperallergic (2 Mar. 2017);

Swift, Harriet. “Painter Jay DeFeo, Who Died Last Saturday, to Be Honored.” Oakland Tribune (15 Nov. 1989).

________. “All Eyes Turn to DeFeo Show.” Oakland Tribune (9 Jan. 1990): C2-C3.

Takahama, Valerie. “Back to Business with Variety Not Conflict.” Orange County Register (2 Sept. 1990).

Tan, Dion. “Video: Jay DeFeo, A Retrospective at the Whitney, Before and After ‘The Rose.’” Artinfo (website) (15 Mar. 2013);

Tarshis, Jerome. “For a Time, Fillmore Was Home to the Avant-Garde.” New Fillmore San Francisco (Oct. 2008): 6, 8.

Taylor, Brandon. “Review: The Rise of the Sixties: American and European Art in the Era of Dissent, 1955–69 by Thomas Crow.” Burlington Magazine 39, no. 1134 (Sept 1997): 637–38.

Taylor, Robert. “New Side of Bay Area Artist Jay DeFeo Emerges in San Jose Exhibit.” Mercury News (San Jose, CA) (25 Mar. 2019);

Thackara, Tess. “9 Booths Not to Miss at New York’s ADAA.” (1 Mar. 2017);

Thorn, Bruce. “William Blake and the Age of Aquarius.” New Art Examiner (Nov.-Dec 2017).

Throm, Judy. “The Curator’s Report.” Archives of American Art Journal 20, no.1 (1980): 36.

Thym, Jolene. “‘The Rose’ Will Bloom Once Again.” Oakland Tribune (12 Aug. 1995): B1–B2.

________. “Beyond the Rose.” Oakland Tribune (20 Mar. 1997): CUE-1, 5.

Tibbits, Randy. “Not Religious or Filled with Oafs, ‘Holy Barbarians’ Stilll Worth Checking Out.” Houston Press (Nov. 22, 2016):

Tillim, Sidney. “Month in Review.” Arts 34, no. 5 (Feb. 1960): 50-53.

Tovar, Daniel. “William Blake and the Age of Aquarius.” CAA Reviews (16 Aug. 2019);

Traps, Yevgeniya. “Romance of the Rose: On Jay DeFeo.” Paris Review (14 May 2013);

Trenchard, Stephanie. “An Artist, an Influence: Jay DeFeo.” Peninsula Pulse [Door County, WI] 15, no. 16 (17–24 July 2009).

Tromble, Meredith. “A Conversation with Wally Hedrick.” Artweek (Oct. 1996) 14–15.

Tschorn, Adam. “Lisa Eisner, Oliver Peoples, Pam & Gela Tapped for Wear LACMA Fall 2016 Collection.” Los Angeles Times (23 Sep. 2016);

Tucker, Anne Wilkes. “When a Plant Is Not a Plant: The Botanical Photographs of Jay DeFeo.” Aperture (Spring 2007): 30–35.

________. “Socket to Me.” ARTnews (Summer 2007): 130.

Tynan, Kenneth. “San Francisco: The Rebels.” Holiday 29, no. 4 (Apr. 1961): 92–97, 188, 191, 194–97.

Van Proyen, Mark. “Sight/Vision: The Inward Gaze.” Artweek (29 Oct. 1983): 1, 16.

________. “An Interview with Wally Hedrick.” Expo-See (Summer 1985).

________. “Abstraction: Then and Now at Berkeley Art Museum.” (12 Mar. 2011);

Vankin, Deborah. “Orange County Museum of Art finds its new director in Colorado.” Los Angeles Times (13 Jan. 2021).

Vogel, Carol. “With Huge Gift, the Whitney Is No Longer a Poor Cousin.” New York Times (3 Aug. 2002).

________. “Inside Art.” New York Times (26 Apr. 2013): C26.

Vogel, Wendy. “Three Must-See Gallery Shows in New York.” Modern Painters (July/Aug 2014);

Wallace, Dean. “S.F.’s Luck: Good Art at Half N.Y. Prices.” San Francisco Chronicle (27 July 1959).

Walleston, Aimee. “At Gladstone, Ugo Rondinone Celebrates Solitary People.” (28 Mar. 2012);

Wandrup, Fredrik. “Et Skoleeksempel.” Dagbladet [Oslo] (1 June 2008).

Wawzenek, Tom. “Expand Your Consciousness with William Blake and the Age of Aquarius @ The Block Museum of Art.” Third Coast Review (7 Dec. 2017);

Wei, Lilly. “Reviews: ‘INsite/INchelsea.’” ARTnews (Feb. 2013): 90.

________. “Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.” ARTnews (May 2013): 90.

Weisburg, Madeline. “Irresistibly Weird.” Art in America (26 Feb. 2021).

Westfall, Stephen. “Slow Painting.” Art in America (Feb. 2018);

Whitehill, Theresa. “Investigative Poetics.” Mills Stream [Oakland] (19 Feb. 1981): 3.

Whiting, Sam. “Famed Bar from Late Jay DeFeo’s Studio Resurrected for Exhibit.” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Aug. 2018): E1, E10;

Whitmarsh, Megan. “Rose is a Rose is a Rose: A Meditation on Jay DeFeo’s The Rose.” CoBo Social: Collected Writings by Artists on Artists (2020)

Wilkin, Karen. “‘Women of Abstract Expressionism’ Review: Blowing Up the Boys’ Club.” Wall Street Journal (15 Aug 2016);

Williams, Kate. “Sonoma County Talent Share Exhibit at SVMA.” Sonoma Index-Tribune(18 Apr. 2019);

Wilson, William. “DeFeo Work in Pasadena.” Los Angeles Times (23 Feb. 1969).

________. “The Art Galleries: La Cienega Area.” Los Angeles Times (24 May 1985).

________. “The Galleries: La Cienega Area.” Los Angeles Times (4 Mar. 1988).

Winter, David. “Reliving Northern California Art of the Sixties.” Peninsula Times Tribune [Palo Alto, CA] (2 Nov. 1982).

________. “San Francisco: Jay DeFeo.” ARTnews (Dec. 1986): 28.

Wolin, Joseph R. “Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.” TimeOut New York (18 Mar. 2013);

Wolitzer, Meg. “How the Beat Esthetic Marked Its Time.” New York Times (10 Sept. 1995): 58.

Wood, Sura “Looking Forward to 2012 Art Offerings.” Bay Area Reporter [San Francisco] (5-11 Jan. 2013): 13, 18, 25.

________. “DeFeo Show Offers New Perspective on Artist’s Work.” SF/Arts (March 2019): 8.

________. “Jay DeFeo’s Sensual Repertoire.” Bay Area Reporter (8 Nov. 2012);

________. “Looking Forward to 2012 Art Offerings.” Bay Area Reporter [San Francisco] (5-11 Jan. 2013): 13, 18, 25.

Wortz, Melinda. “Art in Los Angeles: 17 Artists, 16 Projects.” ARTnews (Nov. 1981): 161.

Wye, Pamela. “Odd and Intense.” Art Journal (Summer 1998): 128–29.

Yablonsky, Linda. “The Ferus Gallery.” ARTnews (Nov. 2002): 267.

________. “Artifacts: The Rondinone Spirit.” (27 Mar. 2012);

Yau, John. “Can We Still Learn to Speak Martian?” (29 Apr. 2012);

________. “‘The Rose’ Is Not a Rose.” Hyperallergic (6 Jan. 2013);

________. “A Celebration of the Rat Bastards: Joan Brown, Bruce Conner, Jean Conner, Jay DeFeo, George Herms, Wally Hedrick, and Others.” (May 13, 2017);

________. “Jay DeFeo and the Anarchic Spirit of Surrealism.”Hyperallergic (7 Apr. 2018);

Youn, Jessica. “Wear LACMA: Lisa Eisner.” LACMA Unframed (Oct. 18 2016);

Zack, Jessica. “Paired Works Present Another Side of Jay DeFeo.” San Francisco Chronicle (30 Sep. 2015);

Zanardi, Bonny. “San Mateo-Born Artist Featured among Abstract Art, Past and Present, Celebrated at Berkeley Art Museum.” San Jose Mercury News (5 Mar. 2011).

Zarobell, John. “Shotgun: DeFeo.” (23 Sept. 2011);

Zeaman, John. “Not All Explorers Can Find the New Land.” Record [Bergen County, NJ] (28 Nov. 2003): 50.

Interviews & Lectures

Published Interviews with Jay DeFeo
Listed in chronological order

Karlstrom, Paul. “Oral History Interview with Jay DeFeo,” 3 June 1975–23 Jan. 1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (recorded at the artist’s home in Larkspur, California).
Transcript of Session 1: June 3, 1975.
Transcript of Session 2: July 18, 1975.
Transcript of Session 3: January 23, 1976.
The transcripts are in the public domain, but any quotations must be fully credited.
A sound excerpt is available online
(from Archives of American Art)

Newman, Jim. “The Dilexi Years and Beyond: A Conversation with Jay DeFeo, Craig Kauffman, Ron Nagle, Jim Newman, and Judy Newman.” In The Dilexi Years, 1958–1970, edited by Christina Orr-Cahall. Oakland, CA: Oakland Museum, 1985: 32–49.

Maréchal-Workman, Andrée. “Excerpts from an Interview with Jay DeFeo.” Expo-See, no. 11 (1984): 8–19.

Jacobs, Mimi. “Creating a 2300 Pound Rose” (Interview with Jay DeFeo). Pacific Sun (30 Jan. 1986): 11–12.

Elliott, Leila. “Jay DeFeo.” In Connecting Conversations: Interviews with 28 Bay Area Women Artists, edited by Moira Roth. Oakland, CA: Eucalyptus Press, 1988: 43–49.

Roth, Moira. “Talking with Jay DeFeo.” Artweek (8 Feb. 1990): 18.

Audio and Video Interviews with Jay DeFeo
Listed in chronological order

Ruth, Sheila, and Jan Zimmerman. Signed by a Woman: A Perspective on California Women’s Art, LA Women’s Video Center, Los Angeles,1976. Video recording, 60:00 minutes. (Interview with Jay DeFeo by Majoie Canton)

Solnit, Rebecca. Interview with Jay DeFeo, 20 June and 12 Mar. 1984. Audio recording. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

Roszak, John. “Art Notes” KQED-TV, 1986. Video recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

Stich, Sidra. Interview with Jay DeFeo, 19 Aug., 16 Sept., 23 Sept., and 9 Oct. 1988. Audio recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

Lectures By Jay DeFeo
Listed in chronological order

DeFeo, Jay. Lecture at The Oakland Museum, 21 May 1979. Audio recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

DeFeo, Jay. Lecture at San Francisco Art Institute, 11 Feb. 1980. Audio recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

DeFeo, Jay. Lecture at San Francisco Art Institute, 8 May 1984. Audio recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

DeFeo, Jay. Lecture at Mills College, 2 Dec. and 4 Dec. 1986. Video recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

DeFeo, Jay. Lecture at University of California, Santa Cruz, 10 May 1989. Video recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

Interviews About Jay DeFeo
Listed in chronological order

Sitton, Bob. “The Wennesland Collection” (Interview with Reidar Wennesland and Arthur Monroe). KPFA Radio (11 April 1971).

Musiker, Cy. “DeFeo Retrospective Opening Saturday at SFMOMA” (Interview with Whitney Museum of American Art curator Dana Miller). KQED Radio (31 October 2012).

Krasny, Michael. “Jasper Johns and Jay DeFeo at SFMOMA” (Interview with SFMOMA curators Gary Garrels and Corey Keller). KQED Radio (1 November 2012).

Green, Tyler. “Modern Art Notes Podcast” (Interview with Whitney Museum of American Art curator Dana Miller). Modern Art Notes (22 December 2012).

Tan, Dion. “Video: Jay DeFeo, A Retrospective at the Whitney, Before and After ‘The Rose’.” (Interview with Whitney Museum of American Art curator Dana Miller). Artinfo (15 March 2013).

“Jay DeFeo at the Whitney: More than The Rose.” (Interview with Whitney Museum of American Art curator Dana Miller). (4 April 2013).

Lectures, Symposia, and Events About Jay DeFeo
Listed in chronological order

“Jay DeFeo and The Rose: Myth and Reality.” Symposium. Phyllis Wattis Theater, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA, 28 February 2004. Participants: Richard Cándida Smith, Bruce Conner, Jane Green, Walter Hopps, Corey Keller, Leah Levy, Greil Marcus, Richard Candida Smith, and John Weber. Video recording. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

Marcus, Greil. “Jay DeFeo and All That Jazz.” Mills College, Lisser Theater, Oakland, CA, 11 November 2012. Manuscript. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

“Jay DeFeo Community Tribute”. DeFeo scholars, friends, and artists at Phyllis Wattis Theater, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA, 2 February 2013. Participants: Bill Berkson, C. Ursula Cipa, Jean Conner, Beverly Dahlen, Paula De Christofaro, Corey Keller, Kevin Killian, Connie Lewallen, Joanna McClure, Karla Milosevich, Gay Outlaw, Moira Roth, Lara Schweller, Leslie Shows, Frank Smigiel, Rebecca Solnit, Amy Trachtenberg, Kristen van Diggelen, and Ruth Weiss.

Marcus, Greil. “Jay DeFeo and All That Jazz.” Whitney Museum of American Art, 7 March 2013. Manuscript. Archives of The Jay DeFeo Foundation, Berkeley, CA.

“Chancing the Ridiculous, Hoping for the Sublime: Re-examining the Work of Jay DeFeo.” Roundtable. Whitney Museum of American Art, 17 April 2013. Participants: Dana Miller, Richard Shiff, and Bill Berkson.

“Walead Beshty and Dana Miller on ‘Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective.’”. Gallery Talk. Whitney Museum of American Art, 9 May 2013.